OECD Skills Outlook 2017

Skills and Global Value Chains

Published on May 04, 2017

Also available in: French

Since the 1990s, the world has entered a new phase of globalisation. Information and communication technology, trade liberalisation and lower transport costs have enabled firms and countries to fragment the production process into global value chains (GVCs). Many products are now designed in one country and assembled in another country from parts manufactured in several countries. Thirty percent of the value of exports of OECD countries comes from abroad. In this new context, GVCs and skills are more closely interrelated than ever. Skills play a key role in determining countries’ comparative advantages in GVCs. A lot of the opportunities and challenges brought about by GVCs are being affected by countries’ skills.The OECD Skills Outlook 2017 shows how countries can make the most of global value chains, socially and economically, by investing in the skills of their populations. Applying a “whole of government” approach is crucial. Countries need to develop a consistent set of skills-related policies such as education, employment protection legislation, and migration policies, in coordination with trade and innovation policies. This report presents new analyses based on the Survey of Adult Skills and the Trade in Value Added Database. It also explains what countries would need to do to specialise in technologically advanced industries.

SUMMARIESavailable in 26 languages

English OECD Skills Outlook 2017 (Summary in English)
French Perspectives de l’OCDE sur les compétences 2017
Spanish Perspectivas de las competencias en la OCDE 2017
German OECD Skills Outlook 2017
Japanese OECD技能アウトルック2017
Italian Prospettive dell’OCSE sulle competenze 2017
Chinese 2017年OECD技能展望
Czech Výhled OECD na rok 2017 pro oblast dovedností
Danish OECD Udsigterne for færdigheder 2017
Dutch OESO Vooruitzichten voor vaardigheden 2017
Estonian OECD oskuste prognoos 2017
Finnish OECD:n Osaamiskatsaus 2017
Greek ΟΟΣΑ Προοπτικές για τις δεξιότητες 2017
Hebrew OECD סקירת מיומנויות 2017
Hungarian Az OECD készségekre vonatkozó 2017. évi elemzése
Icelandic Horfur í færnimálum innan OECD 2017
Korean 2017년 OECD 직업역랑 전망
Latvian ESAO 2017. gada prasmju pārskats
Norwegian OECD Kompetanse og ferdigheter 2017
Polish Przegląd umiejętności OECD 2017
Portuguese Panorama das Competências da OCDE 2017
Russian Стратегия развития навыков ОЭСР 2017
Slovak Výhľad OECD v oblasti zručností na rok 2017
Slovene Pregled področja spretnosti in znanj OECD 2017
Swedish OECD:s kompetensöversikt 2017
Turkish OECD Vasıflılık 2017 Genel Görünümü


Executive summary
Overview: Skills to seize the benefits of global value chains
Skills and global value chains: What are the stakes?
What kinds of skills give countries a global advantage?
How skills policies can make the most of global value chains
List of countries ISO codes
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Documentation in French