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Education at a Glance 2021

OECD Indicators

Education at a Glance is the authoritative source for information on the state of education around the world. It provides data on the structure, finances and performance of education systems across OECD countries and a number of partner economies. More than 100 charts and tables in this publication – as well as links to much more available on the educational database – provide key information on the output of educational institutions; the impact of learning across countries; access, participation and progression in education; the financial resources invested in education; and teachers, the learning environment and the organisation of schools. The 2021 edition includes a focus on equity, investigating how progress through education and the associated learning and labour market outcomes are impacted by dimensions such as gender, socio-economic status, country of birth and regional location. A specific chapter is dedicated to Target 4.5 of the Sustainable Development Goal 4 on equity in education, providing an assessment of where OECD and partner countries stand in providing equal access to quality education at all levels. Two new indicators on the mechanisms and formulas used to allocate public funding to schools and on teacher attrition rate complement this year's edition.

Published on September 16, 2021Also available in: German, French

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Editorial
Introduction: The indicators and their framework
Reader’s guide
Executive summary
Youth in the Education Sustainable Development Goal
The output of educational institutions and the impact of learning7 chapters available
To what level have adults studied?
Transition from education to work: Where are today’s youth?
How does educational attainment affect participation in the labour market?
What are the earnings advantages from education?
What are the financial incentives to invest in education?
How are social outcomes related to education?
To what extent do adults participate equally in education and learning?
Access to education, participation and progress6 chapters available
Who participates in education?
How do early childhood education systems differ around the world?
Who is expected to graduate from upper secondary education?
Who is expected to enter tertiary education?
Who is expected to graduate from tertiary education?
What is the profile of internationally mobile students?
Financial resources invested in education8 chapters available
Introduction
How much is spent per student on educational institutions?
What proportion of national wealth is spent on educational institutions?
How much public and private investment in educational institutions is there?
What is the total public spending on education?
How much do tertiary students pay and what public support do they receive?
On what resources and services is education funding spent?
Which factors influence teachers’ salary cost?
Teachers, the learning environment and the organisation of schools7 chapters available
How much time do students spend in the classroom?
What is the student-teacher ratio and how big are classes?
How much are teachers and school heads paid?
How much time do teachers and school heads spend teaching and working?
Who are the teachers?
How are public funds allocated to schools?
What proportion of teachers leave the teaching profession?
Annexes5 chapters available
Characteristics of education systems
Reference statistics
Sources, methods and technical notes
Contributors to this publication
Education Indicators in Focus
Country notes46 chapters available
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Costa Rica
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Korea
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
Argentina
Brazil
China
India
Indonesia
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
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