27-29 October 2021 – Virtual conference via Zoom
Below you can find presentation videos and PowerPoint presentations from our 2021 conference, "Disrupted Futures: International lessons on how schools can best equip students for their working lives". During the conference, the OECD Career Readiness team presented the results of new analyses of national longitudinal datasets alongside 33 papers from researchers and practitioners working in 14 countries. The conference was attended by 521 people from 59 countries.
The conference was held in October 2021 as countries turned their attention from handling a healthcare emergency to dealing with its economic consequences and rising concerns over youth unemployment. Even before the pandemic, young people in many countries faced difficulties in their transitions into work. During the pandemic, young people commonly found themselves disproportionately affected by layoffs and recruitment freezes. This OECD conference focused on what schools can do to prepare young people for their transitions from education into ultimate employment.
The conference began with the presentation by Andreas Schleicher (OECD Director of Education and Skills) of a new analysis of data from multiple national longitudinal surveys which follow young people from childhood into adulthood. Using statistical analysis, it has proved possible the analysis to identify career-related indicators of career readiness: teenage attitudes, activities and experiences related to potential futures in work that are associated with better employment outcomes in adulthood. At the conference, the project team also presented tools derived from the indicators for use by policymakers and practitioners. Lastly, the conference also showcased wider research and practice relevant to more effective youth transitions into employment through 33 unique presentations from 14 different countries/economies. During the conference, the project team was joined by a distinguished panel of commentators to reflect on the study’s implications for policy and practice.
Opening plenary session
During the opening plenary session of Disrupted Futures 2021, OECD Director of Education and Skills, Andreas Schleicher, with his colleagues Catalina Covacevich and Anthony Mann presented findings from an unprecedented review of national longitudinal datasets from ten countries (Australia, Canada, People’s Republic of China, Denmark, Germany, Korea, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States and Uruguay). Analysis explores how teenage attitudes and experiences relate to employment outcomes ten years later. The work identifies indicators of better employment outcomes linked to how students explore, experience and think about potential futures in work, providing new insights for countries and schools looking to optimise career guidance. Following the presentation of the results, an expert panel discusses the implications for policy and practice and the session will concludes with a presentation on engaging schools with employers from Nick Chambers, CEO of Education and Employers.
David L. Blustein – Professor of Counselling Psychology, Boston College
Hanka Boldemann – Executive Director Jobs & Skills International, Global Philanthropy at J.P. Morgan
Gert van Brussel – President of the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance (IAEVG)
Sareena Hopkins – Executive Director of the Canadian Career Development Foundation and a Board member of the International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy (ICCDPP)
Deirdre Hughes – Co-editor of the British Journal of Guidance and Counselling: International Symposium Series
Preparing high school students for their Future in Work - whatever the shocks may be
Presenters: Mr Pete JONES, Manurewa High School; Ambure Giborees, Leanne Gibson, Emma O'Riordan, Manurewa High Business Academy
Best practice career education for middle-school students from low socioeconomic backgrounds: Two case studies.
Presenters: Dr Olivia GROVES, National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education, Curtin University; Kylie Austin, University of Wollongong; Nicola Cull, Australian Catholic University; Laurie Poretti and A/Prof Philip Roberts, University of Canberra
Arriving where we started and knowing for the first time*: evaluating an inquiry-based approach to career exploration in 10-13 year olds.
Presenters: Ms Liv PENNIE, BECOME Education; Professor Jim Bright, Australian Catholic University
Supporting, strengthening and enhancing Victorian students' career planning and career and work readiness.
Presenters: Ms Leela DARVALL, Department of Education and Training, Australia; Ms Rowena Archer, Braybrook Secondary College
FURNCRAFT - Supporting Youth Transitions into Furnishing Careers
Presenters: Ms Janine BLAKE, Food Fibre and Timber Industries Training Council
The impact of socioeconomic status on students’ access to information on career thinking and exploration.
Presenters: Prof Dawn BENNETT, Bond University; Dr Jane Coffey, Curtin University; Paul Koshy, National Centre for Student Equity in Higher Education; Ian Li, University of Western Australia; Alfred M Dockery, Curtin University, Australia.
Identifying school-level factors that drive long-term outcomes for students from regional, rural and remote areas in Australia – evidence from two largescale national cohort studies.
Presenters: A/Prof Wojtek TOMASZEWSKI, Institute for Social Science Research/The University of Queensland (UQ); A/Prof Francisco Perales, Dr Ning Xiang, Dr Melissa Johnstone, The University of Queensland (UQ)
Improving access to career support programs for Australian students experiencing disadvantage: Who gets career advice at school, and does it relate to education and employment outcomes?
Presenters: Ms Anne HAMPSHIRE, The Smith Family; Dr Kirsten Hancock, The Smith Family
Australian young peoples’ careers and skills: inequalities in both envisaged future and its attainment
Presenters: Dr Elizabeth KNIGHT, Victoria University; Dr Shuyan Huo and Dr Melissa Tham, Centre for International Research on Education Systems, Victoria University, Australia
Practical work-experience period as a student entitlement in Finland
Presenters: Dr Raimo VUORINEN, Dr Jaana Kettunen, Finnish Institute for Educational Research/University of Jyväskylä
Development of virtual practical work-experience period in practice - case Finland
Presenters: Mr Lauri VAARA, Ms Riikka LEHTINEN, Economy and Youth TAT
Building resilience and skills through virtual work placements during the pandemic
Presenters: Mr Funbi AKANDE, Rachael Saunders, Speakers for Schools
Inspiring encounters with professionals
Presenters: Mr Juan Jose JUAREZ, Hannes Brandt, Bertelsmann Foundation
Youth Career Development Competency (YCDC) Scale: Factor Structure and Scale Validation among Hong Kong Youth
Presenters: Dr Steven Sek-yum NGAI, The Chinese University of Hong Kong; Dr. Chau-kiu Cheung, City University of Hong Kong; Dr. Lin Wong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Development of a Student Career Readiness Index to assess the impact of good career guidance in England
Presenters: Dr Jill HANSON, International Centre for Guidance Studies, University of Derby; Professor Tristram Hooley, University of Derby; Vanessa Dodd, Nottingham Trent University
The shape and consequences of teenage career concentration: Analysing an English cohort born in 1989/90
Presenters: Mr Chris PERCY, University of Derby; Professor Ingrid Schoon, University College London (UCL)
Perceptions of career conversations for the development of student career competencies
Presenters: Ms Cristina SANTOS, University of Cambridge
Applying the Cultural Preparedness Process Model for Intervention Development Amongst High School Students: A Report from India and Bangladesh.
Presenters: Mr Abhishek GHOSH, Joseph Chakma, Poonam Jain, Rayan Miranda, Gideon Arulmani, The Promise Foundation Community College affiliated to Martin Luther Christian University
Fostering Innovative Career Thinking with Parents & Students in Pakistan.
Presenters: Mr Raza ABBAS, Pathway Global
Models of Workplace Engagement K-12 NSW an alternative practice to work experience.
Presenters: Ms Glenda O'BRIEN, New South Wales Department of Education; Megan O’Connell
Gender as a predictor of planning a career with work-from-home options
Presenters: Dr Joanna SIKORA, Australian National University
The Effects of Students’ Career Readiness and Self-conception on Outcomes in the Labor Market.
Presenters: Dr HwaChoon PARK, Dr Hangu Ryu, Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training
How schools can better prepare young people for working life: Evidence from China.
Presenters: Dr Wangyang LI, Beijing Normal University
Youth Career Readiness - A multi-stakeholder approach.
Presenters: Ms Roopali MEHRA, Transform Foundation; Mr. Rohit Choudhri
How Gen Z career readiness is shaped by their backgrounds & what can we do? A UK perspective
Presenters: Ms Dasha KARZUNINA, Group GTI
Building and Sustaining Successful Alumni Relations in VET Schools: How To Guide.
Presenters: Mr Iván DIEGO RODRÍGUEZ, Valnalon, Tim van der Ploeg, Alfa College; Paolo Nardi, Cometa
Challenges of Teenagers in their Career Decision in Kosovo.
Presenters: Mr Sovran BERISHA, Kosovo Career Development Foundation (KCDF); Mrs. Lumnie Mehmetaj
Ready for work? Students’ experiences in middle school and labor market outcomes. Comparisons between Uruguayan First and Second PISA Longitudinal Study (2003 & 2009).
Presenters: Mr Santiago CARDOZO, Maximiliana CEDREZ, Tabaré FERNANDEZ and Ángela RÍOS, University of Uruguay
Prediction of employment for youth with Autism
Presenters: Mr Hassan ENAYATI, Cornell University
New Brunswick's Centres of Excellence for Education: Enhancing Equitable Career Awareness through Virtual and Experiential Learning.
Presenters: Mr Mike CUSACK, Ransford Lockhart, Education and Early Childhood Development, New Brunswick
Applying universal design as a pathway to inclusive career education.
Presenters: Ms Tricia BERRY, Mr Andrew Culberson, New Brunswick Department of Education and Early Childhood Development
Using technology in careers practice: a city-wide collaborative approach.
Presenters: Dr Deidre HUGHES, DMH Associates & Associate Fellow, University of Warwick IER, England; Fiona Baker, Head of Skills, D2N2 Local Enterprise Partnership, East Midlands, England
A District Wide Approach to Integrating Career Development Starting in Primary
Presenters: Mr Ed HIDALGO, Cajon Valley Union School District; Dr. Ian Martin, University of San Diego; Dr. David Miyashiro, Cajon Valley Union School District
Closing plenary session
David L. Blustein (USA)
Deirdre Hughes (UK)
Jaana Kettunen (Finland)