Balancing School Choice and Equity

An International Perspective Based on Pisa

Many countries are struggling to reconcile greater flexibility in school choice with the need to ensure quality, equity and coherence in their school systems. This report provides an international perspective on issues related to school choice, especially how certain aspects of school-choice policies may be associated with sorting students into different schools. A key question fuelling the school-choice debate is whether greater competition among schools results in more sorting of students by ability or socio-economic status. At the macro level, school segregation can deprive children of opportunities to learn, play and communicate with other children from different social, cultural and ethnic backgrounds, which can, in turn, threaten social cohesion. The report draws a comprehensive picture of school segregation, using a variety of indicators in order to account for the diversity of the processes by which students are allocated to schools.

Published on October 01, 2019

In series:PISAview more titles


Executive Summary
Reader’s Guide
School choice, student sorting and equity
How school choice can be measured by PISA and how these indicators have evolved over time
The level of social and academic segregation across schools
How social and academic segregation are related to school-choice policies
How school-choice policies are related to quality and equity in education
Balancing choice and equity: Considerations for policy and practice
Annexes3 chapters available
Measures of segregation
Additional figures and robustness checks
List of tables available on line
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