A Review of International Large-Scale Assessments in Education

Assessing Component Skills and Collecting Contextual Data

The OECD has initiated PISA for Development (PISA-D) in response to the rising need of developing countries to collect data about their education systems and the capacity of their student bodies. This report aims to compare and contrast approaches regarding the instruments that are used to collect data on (a) component skills and cognitive instruments, (b) contextual frameworks, and (c) the implementation of the different international assessments, as well as approaches to include children who are not at school, and the ways in which data are used. It then seeks to identify assessment practices in these three areas that will be useful for developing countries. This report reviews the major international and regional large-scale educational assessments: large-scale international surveys, school-based surveys and household-based surveys. For each of the issues discussed, there is a description of the prevailing international situation, followed by a consideration of the issue for developing countries and then a description of the relevance of the issue to PISA for Development.

Published on December 11, 2015

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Foreword and acknowledgements
Executive summary
Overview: Lessons from international large-scale assessments in education
Methodology for the review of international large-scale assessments in education
Component skills and cognitive instruments used in educational assessments
Contextual data collection instruments used in educational assessments
Implementation procedures and approaches to including out-of-school children in educational assessments
Analysis, reporting and use of data from international large-scale assessments in education
Annexes4 chapters available
General information about the international surveys reviewed
Sample items from selected international assessments
Overview tables related to cognitive data collection instruments
Overview tables of contextual data collection instruments
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