Apparent characteristics of the Hungarian banking market such as large profits and high margins suggest weak competitive pressures. Weak competition in turn, may reduce efficiency in a lack of pressures to converge to marginal cost and to stimulate managerial efforts to reduce X-inefficiency.
South Africa’s macroeconomic framework has served the economy well, but should be strengthened to make the economy more resilient to external shocks.
The estimated medium-term impact of Basel III implementation on GDP growth is in the range of -0.05 to -0.15 percentage point per annum.
The Dutch occupational pension system has been successful in securing high asset accumulation to fund generous pension promises.
As a result of reforms and financial sector development, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) now exerts significant control over money market interest rates.
This paper analyses the factors influencing the level and volatility of real house prices in a panel of OECD countries over the period 1980-2005.
The euro area financial system took excessive risks during the global credit boom, which in some countries led to an unsustainable increase in credit, higher asset prices and housing booms.
Turkey is recovering from its most severe recession in several decades.
Large shifts in countries’ external current account positions can be disruptive, often reflecting sudden stops in the flows of external finance and leading to exchange rate and banking crises.
Turkey has considerably improved its terms of access to the global capital market. Progress in macroeconomic fundamentals has enhanced credibility and reduced risk premia and capital costs.