Panellists 1.1- The Economic and Social Benefits of Internet Openness


Navdeep Bains   The Honourable Navdeep Bains is the Member of Parliament for Mississauga–Malton and was appointed Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development on November 4, 2015. He has extensive parliamentary experience, having represented Mississauga–Malton from 2004 to 2011. He served as Privy Councillor and Parliamentary Secretary to Prime Minister Paul Martin and then as Critic for Public Works and Government Services, the Treasury Board, International Trade, Natural Resources, and Small Business and Tourism.  Minister Bains was an adjunct lecturer at the Master of Public Service program at the University of Waterloo and a distinguished visiting professor at the Ted Rogers School of Management at Ryerson University. His private sector experience includes several years at the Ford Motor Company of Canada. Minister Bains has a Bachelor of Administrative Studies from York University and a Master of Business Administration from the University of Windsor.
kaspars gerhards  

Kaspars Gerhards was appointed as the Minister for Environmental Protection and Regional Development of the Republic of Latvia in November 2014. The Ministry is responsible for implementing policy in three areas - environment protection, regional development as well as information society and e-government. Previously Gerhards held the positions of the Minister for Economics and the Minister for Transport and Communications; he also served as the State Secretary at the Ministry of Economics for 8 years. Since 2008 Gerhards is a Member of one of the oldest political parties in Latvia – the National Alliance.  Gerhards was born in Jelgava in 1969. He graduated from the Faculty of Economics at the University of Latvia. Gerhards has also studied at the Westphalia Wilhelms University and the Goethe Institute in Germany.

Alejandra Lagunes   Alejandra Lagunes, as Chief of the National Digital Strategy at the Office of the President of Mexico, spearheads the use of technology to transform the government into a 21st century institution, while focusing on delivering impact for citizens’ needs. Alejandra’s 12 year experience in ICT’s in Mexico’s leading technology companies such as Yahoo, Microsoft, Google and Televisa brings into the government an innovative and disruptive approach to deal with inner transformational barriers. Alejandra has become known  as a worldwide  leader  for  transparency  in  government  through  innovative  technological  methods, making digital government a reality. She holds two important positions on the global  dialogue:  the  2014-15  Presidency  of the  Open  Government Partnership (OGP),  and  the three-year Presidency of the eLAC2018 mechanism (the Latin American and the Caribbean chapter of  the World  Summit  Information  Society  Agenda).
  Baroness Lucy Neville-Rolfe, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.  Baroness Neville-Rolfe DBE CMG was appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (jointly with the Department of Culture, Media and Sport) and Minister for Intellectual Property on 13 May 2015. Lucy was convent educated and studied philosophy, politics and economics (PPE) at Somerville College Oxford. She is also a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Secretaries. She joined the House of Lords as a Conservative Peer in October 2013 and was appointed Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills and Minister for Intellectual Property on 14 July 2014. She also became Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department for Culture, Media and Sport on 13 May 2015, assuming responsibility for Data Protection on 2nd October 2015. 
Lawrence Strickling   Lawrence E. Strickling was sworn in as Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information at the Department of Commerce in June 2009. In this role, Strickling serves as Administrator of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), the Executive Branch agency that is principally responsible for advising the President on telecommunications and information policy. A technology policy expert with more than two decades of experience in the public and private sectors, Strickling’s focus at NTIA includes leading initiatives to expand broadband Internet access and adoption in America and to ensure that the Internet remains an engine for continued innovation and economic growth.
Roberto Viola   Roberto Viola is Director General of DG CONNECT (Directorate General of Communication, Networks, Content and Technology) at the European Commission. He was the Deputy Director-General of DG CONNECT, European Commission from 2012 to 2015.  Roberto Viola served as Chairman of the European Radio Spectrum Policy group (RSPG) from 2012 to 2013, as Deputy Chairman in 2011 and Chairman in 2010. He was a member of the BEREC Board (Body of European Telecom Regulators), and Chairman of the European Regulatory Group (ERG) in 2007. He held the position of Secretary General in charge of managing AGCOM, from 2005 to 2012. Prior to this, he served as Director of Regulation Department and Technical Director in AGCOM from 1999 to 2004.  From 1985-1999 he served in various positions including as Head of Telecommunication and Broadcasting Satellite Services at the European Space Agency (ESA). Roberto Viola holds a Doctorate in Electronic Engineering and a Masters in Business Administration (MBA). 
  Caroline Atkinson is the head of global policy at Google, where she advises Google’s leadership on policy issues and leads work with policy makers, government officials, and key political stakeholders. Prior to joining Google, Caroline served as President Barack Obama’s Deputy National Security Advisor for International Economics. During her tenure, she was the US “sherpa” at G7 and G20 summits, and helped to drive global agreement on a diverse set of issues, including global trade, employment, climate change and the response to the Ebola crisis. Before working for President Obama, Caroline held senior roles at the International Monetary Fund, the U.S. Treasury Department, and the Bank of England, and worked as a journalist for The Washington Post, The Economist, and The Times of London. She holds a B.A. in politics, philosophy and economics from Oxford University
  Göran Marby was appointed CEO & President on 23 May 2016. He brings over 20 years experience as a senior executive in the Internet and technology sector, as well as his leadership as Director General at the independent regulatory body Swedish Post and Telecom Authority (PTS), where he worked closely with international organizations and standards bodies. Prior to this, he served as CEO and founder of Appgate, a Swedish security software company (now Cryptzone in the U.S), where he grew the organization to a global company with customers in 35 countries and operations in the U.S. He currently serves on several Boards including: The Swedish Broadband Forum, The Swedish E-identification Board and the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC). Marby, age 53, holds a Bachelor of Science in Finance from the University of Gothenburg, School of Business, Economics and Law, and is married with three kids.
Mishi Cloudhary   Mishi Choudhary is the legal Director of the Software Freedom Law Center (SFLC), New York and the Executive Director of the New Delhi based At SFLCNY, Mishi is the primary legal representative of many of the world's most significant free software developers and non-profit distributors, including Debian, the Apache Software Foundation, and OpenSSL. As of 2015, Mishi is the only lawyer in the world simultaneously to appear on briefs in the US and Indian Supreme Courts in the same Term.  She consults with and advises established businesses and start-ups using free software in their offerings in the US, Europe, India, China and Korea. In 2015 she was named one of the Asia Society's 21 young leaders building Asia's future. She has an LLM from Columbia University in the city of New York, an LLB degree and a bachelor's degree in political science from the University of Delhi. 
Key Interveners  

Carl Bildt has served as both Prime Minister (1991-1994) and Foreign Minister (2006-2014) of Sweden. During the first period his government initiated major liberal economic reforms, as well as negotiated and signed membership agreement with the European Union. The reform period in the early and mid-1990's is generally seen as having pave the way for the successful growth decades that followed. Subsequently he served in international functions with the EU and UN, primarily related to the conflicts in the Balkans. He was Co-Chairman of the Dayton peace talks on Bosnia and become the first High Representative in the country. Later, he was the Special Envoy of UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to the region. Carl Bildt was an early advocate of the new ICT technologies. An 1994 email exchange between him and President Clinton was the first between heads of state/governments. 

    Fredrik Söderqvist is an economist at Unionen – Sweden’s largest private sector union and the largest white-collar union in the world. His work focuses on issues of labour market mobility, structural change, income distribution, and industrial organization. He is currently developing a framework for self-regulating the platform economy in Sweden. Fredrik has a master’s degree in economics from Uppsala University, bachelor’s degree in economics and political science from Linköping University, and is currently an expert on the Swedish Government’s Digitalisation Commission.
  Virgilio Almeida is a Visiting Professor at the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard University and Fellow at the Berkman Center For Internet and Society at Harvard University. He is also a full professor of the Computer Science at Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil. His areas of research interest include cyberspace governance, internet and social computing. He received a Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from Vanderbilt University.  He is a former National Secretary for Information Technology Policy of the Brazilian government (2011-2015). Since 2011, has been the chair of the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (  He was the chair of NETMundial Conference (2014).


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