Gender and development

DAC Guidelines on Gender Equality


The DAC Guidelines for Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment in Development Co-operation (1999) draw on the lessons of experience and incorporate illustrations of improved efficiency, effectiveness and coherence in development co-operation.


Complete Document (pdf, 4.88 MB)


The topics covered are of particular relevance to the design and implementation of locally-owned strategies for sustainable, people-centered development. They range from broad policy issues to more specific sectoral themes. They make specific recommendations for donors, and also recognise the roles of others. A final chapter relates gender equality to other economic, social and environmental goals in the development co-operation agenda for the 21st century. In the course of preparing the guidelines, the authors developed a valuable collection of resource materials which they compiled into a separate publication, the DAC Source Book on Concepts and Approaches Linked to Gender Equality .



In 2007 members of the DAC Network on Gender Equality reviewed the DAC Guidelines with the intention of revising them to reflect changed approaches to and practices in development co-operation. It quickly became apparent, however, that the twin track approach of the Guidelines - gender mainstreaming and targeted interventions – continues to be a useful strategy. Instead of revising them, members have therefore prepared Guiding Principles for Aid Effectiveness, Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (2008) to complement the Guidelines.