Development finance standards

Amounts mobilised from the private sector for development


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The need to mobilise private resources is at the heart of discussions around how to finance the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including to combat climate change. The OECD has been working on this issue under a mandate from the December 2014 DAC High Level Meeting to establish an international standard for measuring the volume of private finance mobilised by development finance interventions.

This work is carried out in consultation with multilateral and bilateral development finance institutions, as well as in joint collaboration with the OECD-led Research Collaborative on Tracking Finance for Climate Action. It also contributes to the ongoing development of a broader measurement framework of total official support for sustainable development (TOSSD) and the DAC work on blended finance.


Reporting on amounts mobilised from the private sector is part of the regular OECD DAC and TOSSD data collections.


Data are collected following instrument-specific methodologies, covering all leveraging mechanisms used by Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) and Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs): guarantees, syndicated loans, project finance schemes, shares in collective investment vehicles, direct investment in companies, credit lines and simple co-financing. Work is on-going to capture the mobilisation effect of some technical assistance activities.

Data on mobilised private finance

The OECD statistics on the amounts mobilised from the private sector by official development finance interventions are now available online on OECD.Stat. Addressing the confidentiality constraints addressed by some providers, the tool presents the following aggregates:

  • by recipient and group of providers,
  • by provider and main sector, and
  • by provider and region.

Each of these presentations can be further broken down by leveraging mechanism and amount type (total mobilised vs. total mobilised for climate). More details on the key elements and functionalities of the tool can be found here.

- Access the analytical tool

Coming soon: data visualisation

Insights from latest data

TOSSD Mobilization thumbnail


  • In 2018-20, close to USD 50 billion per year on average were mobilised from the private sector by official development finance interventions for development.
  • Direct investment in companies (DICs) or special purpose vehicles (SPVs) mobilised over a third of private finance (38%), followed by guarantees (26%), credit lines (12%), syndicated loans (11%), shares in collective investment vehicles (CIVs; 8%) and simple co-financing (5%).
  • Most private finance continues to support projects in the banking and business services, industry, mining and construction as well as energy sectors, together accounting for 77% of the three-year total.
  • 82% of private finance was mobilised for projects in middle-income countries in 2018-20.


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