Development Centre

DevTalks - The new social contract


DevTalks Themes - social contract

The unprecedented wave of protests that shook the world at the end of 2019 revealed deep cracks in the relationship between citizens and institutions in many countries. We explore ways to restore trust and reimagine a new social contract, starting with how countries can involve citizens’ voices in the design of national strategies and widely experiment citizen-driven development initiatives. This includes updating the outdated social contract between employer-employee, and broadening social protection systems to informal workers. We also look at how to increase financing of public services as countries seek to recover from the COVID-19 crisis, in a context of increasingly narrow fiscal space.


 Devtalks latest social contract


How to design a new social contract in Latin America? From theory to action 

Thursday, 18th March 2021

Paz Milet, Institute of International Studies, University of Chile
Gonzalo Restrepo López, Businessman and Former Peace Negotiator in Colombia
Simón Pachano, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Ecuador

Moderated by Ambassador Alejandra De Bellis, Permanent Delegate of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay to UNESCO and to the OECD, with introductory remarks by Carlos Malamud, Senior Analyst, Elcano Royal Institute and by Mario Pezzini, Director of the OECD Development Centre, and concluding remarks by José Juan Ruiz, Chairman, Elcano Royal Institute.


When COVID-19 hit, Latin American and the Caribbean was already in a fragile state. Social vulnerability had increased throughout the continent, productivity was low, and institutional instability had reached an all-time high due to growing social discontent and polarisation. Now the pandemic has exacerbated all of these issues, widening inequalities and pushing millions into poverty. In this context, the need to question and transform the region’s development model seems unavoidable.

Click for more information about this talk


Economics, economy and feminism: transatlantic perspectives

Wednesday, 3rd March 2021 

Mercedes D’Alessandro, Argentinean economist, National Director of Economy and Gender in the Argentinean Ministry of Economy, co-founder of the digital publication Economía Femini(s)ta
Nancy Folbre, American economist, member of the editorial board of the Journal of Women, Politics & Policy
Hélène Périvier, French economist, author of recently released book L’Économie féministe
Margarita Silvia Olivera, Brazilian economist, coordinator of the Economia e Feminismo extension project at Universidade Federale de Rio de Janeiro

Moderated by Julia de Ipola, Analyst of the Americas Programme at Groupe d’Etudes Géopolitiques, with introductory remarks by Sybel Galván Gómez, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the OECD (TBC).


Whether as front-line health workers, caregivers or in other highly exposed or informal sectors, women are bearing the brunt of COVID-19. Additionally, they have seen a massive increase in unpaid care and domestic responsibilities. In short, COVID-19 is a gendered crisis, and gender must be central to our economic recovery. However, models of economic recovery, namely those used in Latin American countries, tend to focus mainly on male-dominated sectors.

Click for more information abou this talk

Women and conflict in West Africa

Monday, 1st March 2021

Hamsatu Allamin, Founder and Executive Director, Allamin Foundation for Peace and Development, Nigeria
Francesca Di Mauro, Head of Unit, West Africa, DG International Partnerships, European Commission
Diene Keita, UN Assistant Secretary-General, and Deputy Executive Director (Programme), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Jeni Klugman, Managing Director, Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security (GIWPS)
Aminata Ndiaye, Regional Gender Advisor, G5 Sahel
Olivier Walther, Assistant Professor, University of Florida

Moderated by Laurent Bossard, Director of the Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat

Conflict has become more violent and widespread in West Africa with increasing numbers of civilian casualties, particularly in Central Sahel and Nigeria. Women pay a heavy price. In times of crisis, gender inequalities are exacerbated. Women and girls face heightened risks of violence and access to essential services is extremely limited. Yet women and girls should not only be seen as victims of conflict.

Click for more information about this talk 

Read the concept note


Rethinking the social contract in LAC: between institutions and civil society

Wednesday, 3rd February 2021

Andrea Costafreda, Programme Director for Latin American and the Caribbean, Oxfam
Lucia Topolansky, Senator and former Vice-President of the Republic of Uruguay
Daniel Fernando Arroyo, Minister of Social Development of the Republic of Argentina
Karina Nohales, Constituent Candidate, Feminist Coordinator 8M Santiago, Chile

Moderated by Mario Pezzini, Director of the OECD Development Centre.

In recent years, a wave of protests, spurred by widespread discontent, unfurled across Latin America and the Caribbean. Increasing inequalities and opportunity gaps, as well as a lack of effectively designed and implemented public policies, have increasingly led citizens to distrust public institutions, ultimately eroding the foundations of the social contract.  

Click for more information about this talk

Debt sustainability and COVID-19: what's next for Africa and Latin America? 

Friday, 27th November 2020

Carlos Lopes, Professor, University of Cape Town and formr Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)
Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, Director, ONE France and former French Minister of National Education, Higher Education and Research
Abebe Aemro Selassie, Director, African Department, IMF
Antonio Ocampo, Director of the Economic and Political Development Concentration, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University and Chair of the UN Committee

Moderated by Mario Pezzini, Director of the OECD Development Centre.

The COVID-19 crisis poses a great challenge to fiscal sustainability in developing countries. In Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), many countries faced socio-economic vulnerabilities, weakening financial conditions and rising debt levels prior to the breakout of the pandemic. The shock will amplify through these channels and have a disproportionate impact on these countries’ current situations and future development perspectives.

Click for more information about this talk

Towards a gender-responsive approach to food and nutrition security in West Africa

Friday, 13th November 2020

Jacqueline Marthe Sultan, former Minister of Agriculture, Republic of Guinea
Lucie Broechler, Chargée de mission, French Development Agency (AFD)
Kafui Kuwonu, Chief Program Officer, Women in Law and Development in Africa (WiLDAF)
Nadjirou Sall, Secretary General, The Network of Peasant Organisations and Agricultural Producers in West Africa (ROPPA)

Moderated by Sibiri Jean Zoundi, Deputy Director of the Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat, with a brief presentation from Bathylle Missika, Head of Network, Partnerships and Gender Division, OECD Development Centre

Women play a pivotal role in a wide range of activities supporting food and nutrition security. They are the powerhouses of the Sahel and West African food economy. Two-thirds of employed women work across the food system, playing an especially important role in off-farm segments of food value chains. Nevertheless, access to affordable and nutritious foods is beyond the reach of many women and girls. Low income and education levels as well as discriminatory laws, social norms, and practices such as those revealed in the Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI), drive food insecurity among women by curbing their ownership over assets such as land, water and energy as well as access to financial services, social capital, information and technology, agricultural inputs and services.

Click for more information about this talk

Threats to democracy: can philanthropy sit on the sidelines?

Friday, 25 September 2020

Sabine Donner, Senior Expert, Transformation Index BTI, Bertelsmann Stiftung
Alessandro Bellantoni
, Head of Open Government Unit, OECD
Anthony Smith
, Chief Executive Officer, Westminster Foundation for Democracy
Nathalie Delapalme
, Executive Director, Mo Ibrahim Foundation

Moderated by Federico Bonaglia, Deputy Director of the OECD Development Centre

The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered an unprecedented stress test for the stability of political institutions and countries’ governance capacity. According to the 2020 Bertelsmann Stiftung’s Transformation Index (BTI), the pandemic will contribute to increase the concentration of power in the executive branch, accelerate an erosion of the rule of law and restrict political rights such as freedom of assembly and expression. It will increase severe fiscal and monetary instabilities and have a particularly severe impact on the weakest members of society, thereby increasing poverty and inequality.

Click for more information about this talk


The expansion of social protection programs in Latin-America in the context of COVID-19:
towards a new social contract? Experiences from Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil and Peru

Wednesday, 29th July 2020

Daniel Gómez Gaviria,  Deputy Director at the National Planning Department, Colombia;
Marcio Conzenday, 
Ambassador, Delegate of Brazil to the OECD, Paris,
Cesar Augusto Calmet Delgado, 
Director General of Policies and Strategy, Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion, Peru

Moderated by Sebastian Nieto Parra, Head of Latin America and the Caribbean of the OECD Development Centre

The COVID-19 crisis is generating a profound impact on the most vulnerable groups in Latin America and the Caribbean. In these circumstances, governments of several countries have adopted measures to strengthen their social safety nets, both through an expansion of existing channels and the creation of new instruments of support to reach groups that have been left unprotected in the context of the pandemic. 

Click for more information about this talk


DevTalks back to homepage banner


Related Documents