The 2012 annual report on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises provides an account of the actions taken by the adhering governments over the 12 months to June 2012 to enhance the contribution of the Guidelines to the improved functioning of the global economy and focuses on how NCPs are working to improve their mediation skills.
This study focuses on the challenges that arise in providing and obtaining mutual legal assistance (MLA) in foreign bribery cases. Because these cases take place across borders, effective MLA between countries is crucial for the successful investigation, prosecution and sanctioning of this crime.
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The globalisation of business means cartel activity is increasingly international in scope. Investigating international cartels poses many challenges to competition authorities in both developing and developed economies, highlighting the importance of increased co-operation on both procedural and substantive issues.
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Competition authorities and courts are often called upon to quantify the harm to competition or the damages suffered by private parties due to anti-competitive conduct. Am OECD discussion revealed that competition agencies mainly agree on the quantitative methods used to measure harm while there is some disagreement about whether quantification is useful for competition agencies. This document compiles the documents of this discussion.
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This report concludes that actual application of bail-ins, involving bondholders in loss sharing, could effectively reign in perceptions of implicit guarantees for bank debt. However, bail-ins are rare owing to concerns about contagion risks and depositor and investor protection, so implicit guarantees persist.