Investment policy

Foreign Direct Investment Statistics: Data, Analysis and Forecasts



FDI in Figures April 2022: Global FDI flows surge 88% in 2021, rising above pre-pandemic levels

29/04/2022 - Global FDI flows bounced back in 2021, growing by 88% to USD 1 815 billion, and 37% above pre-pandemic levels. However, the outlook remains uncertain given the current geopolitical context. This growth was driven by OECD area earnings on inward and outward FDI reaching some of their highest levels since 2005. In 2021, the United States was the top FDI destination worldwide, followed by China, Canada and Brazil. 

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OECD statistics on foreign direct investment are constructed using official country FDI statistics. Any projections used are noted in the report.











 FDI in Figures 288x500


In focus

Divestments by MNEs: What do we know about why they happen?,” by Maria Borga and Monika Sztajerowska



Trade, FDI and global value chains 

International trade and FDI are the main defining features and key drivers of global value chains.  For the first time ever, these statistical notes for OECD countries provide evidence on the role played by investment in global value chains.

Download the country notes


FDI regulatory restrictiveness index

The FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) measures statutory restrictions on foreign direct investment in 58 countries, including all OECD and G20 countries, and covers 22 sectors.

Access the FDI index 


FDI statistics database

Access the data on OECD.Stat (categorised under "Globalisation")

Access metadata underlying FDI statistics by partner country and by industry for OECD countries

The new FDI statistics database covering FDI statistics from 2014 onwards went online in March 2015. 

Full list of frequently requested data found on the FDI statistics database 

Content and structure of the FDI statistics database according to BMD4


Access data prior to 2014 

OECD benchmark definition (BMD4)

The FDI statistics database uses data compiled with "BMD4"- The 4th edition of the OECD Benchmark definition of FDI (BMD4) provides operational guidelines on how foreign direct investment activity should be measured and sets the world standard for collecting direct investment statistics.

How BMD4 impacts our compilation of FDI statistics


Brochure on the major changes introduced by BMD4


Note on the FDI statistics database according to BMD4


Explanatory notes on OECD FDI statistics


Glossary of FDI terms

Data collection calendar

Aggregate FDI statistics are updated quarterly, four months after the end of the reference quarter and revisions to earlier periods.

Detailed FDI statistics by partner country and by industry are updated annually, in the second half of December of the year after the reference year and incorporate revisions to earlier periods.


Documents and links

Divestments by MNEs: What do we know about why they happen?,” 2021


Drivers of divestment decisions in multinational enterprises, 2020


The determinants of Foreign Direct Investment - Do statutory restrictions matter?, 2019


The digital economy, multinational enterprises and international investment policy, 2018


Towards an international framework for investment facilitation, 2018


Examen des statistiques d'investissements directs internationaux au Maroc, 2018



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