Competition

OECD Recommendation on Competition Assessment

 

On 22 October 2009, the OECD Council adopted a Recommendation that calls for governments to identify existing or proposed public policies that unduly restrict competition and to revise them by adopting more pro-competitive alternatives.

The Recommendation calls for governments to establish institutional mechanisms for undertaking such reviews. A number of approaches to competition assessment are possible. The OECD's Competition Assessment Toolkit outlines one approach.  

 

Rationale for the Recommendation

Increased competition contributes to higher economic productivity and growth. In many jurisdictions, however, laws, regulations or other government-imposed barriers unduly restrain market activities. One important step to eliminate these restraints is “competition assessment”, that is, the evaluation of policies to find those unnecessarily restricting competition in order to develop alternative policies that achieve the same objectives, with lesser harm to competition.


Many jurisdictions have recently created guidance for reviewing competitive effects of regulations and developing an institutional mechanism for spreading this guidance. This OECD Recommendation encourages further governmental efforts to reduce unduly restrictive regulations and promote beneficial market activity.

Scope of the Recommendation

The recommendation applies to OECD member countries. Other economies are welcome to associate themselves to the recommendation. The scope of policies covered by the recommendation includes government regulations, rules and legislation.

 
 

FOCUS: Experiences with Competition Assessment 2014

This report describes country experiences with the application of the 2009 Recommendation. Read more

Download the text of the Recommendation 

English  •  Français  Español


Help us implement the Recommendation and foster competition assessment

The Secretariat is strongly committed to support governments with the implementation of this Recommendation.

Romania, Greece and Mexico have already being using the toolkit to assess competition-distorting rules in targeted sectors of their economies.

We invite officials who would like help in implementing this Recommendation or who would like to share their experiences on implementation to contact Mr Sean Ennis from the OECD Secretariat (+33 1 45 24 89 78, DAFCOMPContact@oecd.org).

 

2014 Implementation Report and the revision of the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit

In 2014, the OECD carried out a first review of OECD member countries experiences with the application of the 2009 Recommendation on competition assessment. The resulting implementation report, Experiences with Competition Assessment 2014, describes the assessment processes currently in use as well as specific examples of competition assessments in different jurisdictions. The review also concluded that the OECD Competition Assessessment Toolkit could be expanded. We are therefore currently working on a third volume of the toolkit together with a revision of its two previous volumes to be released in 2015. 

Read the 2014 Implementation Report    Learn more about the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit
 

2014 competition assessment implementation report cover  

 

competition assessment toolkit volume 1

The OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit was designed to help governments eliminate barriers to competition through a method that identifies unnecessary restraints on market activities and develops alternative, less restrictive measures that still achieve government policy objectives.

RomaniaGreece and Mexico have already being using the toolkit to assess competition-distorting rules in targeted sectors of their economies.

Read more about their experiences:

Greece 

Mexico flag with shadow

Mexico

Romania 

Download: English • Français‌ 

  View the text of the toolkit  
This report describes country experiences with the application of the 2009 Recommendation and includes specific examples of competition assessment in different jurisdictions.  

The toolkit consists of two volumes which are available for download in 17 languages. A third volume is scheduled for release in 2015.

 

 

See also:

Other OECD Recommendations on Competition Law and Policy

More OECD work on Competition

 

 

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