OECD Peer Reviews of Competition Law and Policy: Mexico 2020


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Publication date:
13 February 2020 


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Mexico underwent a peer review of its competition law and policy in 2019. Before this review, a first OECD study of Mexico’s competition regime was made in 1998, followed by a peer review of Mexico's competition law and policy in 2004 by the OECD Competition Committee and funded by the Inter-American Development Bank. In 2007 and 2012, Mexico was one of a group of Latin American countries that volunteered to undergo follow-up peer reviews. 

This report describes and assesses the development of Mexico’s competition regime and the evolution of competition policy over the last few years, in particular since the 2013 reform.

The review finds that Mexico’s competition regime is in line with internationally recognised practices. Mexico plays a relevant role in the international competition context and has solid enforcement agencies with strong investigation powers. There are, however, areas for improvement and the recommendations include: preserving both competition authorities’ independence and autonomy, clarifying through the adoption of guidelines how cases are allocated between IFT and COFECE, ensuring effective criminal enforcement of hard-core cartels, strengthening enforcement against abuse of dominant position and vertical agreements and  further developping the economic analysis of mergers. 




Competition and Market Studies in Latin America (2015)

Follow-up to the Nine Peer Reviews of Competition Law and Policy of Latin American Countries (2012)

Peer Reviews of Competition Law and Policy in Latin America: A Follow Up (2007)

Peer review of Competition Law and Policy in Mexico (2004)

More OECD Competition Reviews on Mexico 

More OECD work on Competition‌


“Peer reviews” are a core element of the OECD work. The mechanisms of peer reviews vary, but it is founded upon the willingness of a country to submit its laws and policies to substantive questioning by other peers.

The process provides valuable insights into the country under study, getting to the heart of ways in which each country deals with competition and regulatory issues, from the soundness of its competition laws to the structure and effectiveness of its competition institutions.

Moreover, these reviews incorporate recommendations for changes in government policy.



Since 2003, the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank have collaborated on a series of reviews of competition policy and law in Latin America. Most of these reviews are performed during the Latin American Competition Forum which is held every year in a different country in Latin America and the Caribbean.

» View all other Latin America reviews


» More OECD work with Mexico


» More OECD work on Competition‌



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