OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Brazil



Increased competition can improve a country’s economic performance, open business opportunities to its citizens and reduce the cost of goods and services for businesses and consumers. Although laws and regulations are necessary for the good functioning of our societies and economies, in some cases they can hamper competition, restricting market access and leading to poorer outcomes for consumers.

In 2021, the Brazilian government asked the OECD to carry out an independent competition assessment of the country’s ports and civil aviation sectors.

The assessment will be conducted in co-operation with the CADE, the Brazilian competition authority and will involve the screening of legislation in both sectors using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit.

The project was kicked off during a launch webinar on 8 April 2021. Agenda l Watch on Youtube


Project launch webinar

08 April 2021 (15:00 Paris Time l 10:00 Brasilia Time)

Watch here


See the agenda

Structural reform would support the economic recovery in Brazil

The Brazilian economy is facing a number of challenges. The country was pulling out of a long recession when the COVID-19 outbreak hit, bringing the economy back into another, even deeper recession. The most recent OECD Economic Survey of Brazil estimates the COVID-19 crisis caused GDP to shrink by 5% in 2020, followed by a return to growth of 2.6% in 2021 and 2.2% in 2022. Reforms to support firms to grow and compete internationally would enable Brazil to reap the benefits of integrating into global trade and to address rising poverty and inequality. A strong and inclusive recovery from the crisis that benefits all Brazilians will require reforms to boost jobs, productivity and trade.


OECD Competition Assessment Reviews and the project

OECD Competition Assessment Reviews provide an analysis of regulatory restrictions on competition in the countries reviewed and make specific policy recommendations for reform. The resulting recommendations allow governments to introduce more competition into the economy and foster long-lasting growth.

The OECD will conduct an in-depth analysis of each potential barrier, taking into consideration the objectives of policy makers, the extent of possible competitive harm, international experiences, factors unique to Brazil, and relevant economic and policy literature.

This work will be complemented by workshops to build the capacity of Brazilian officials to conduct competition assessment, in line with international best practices.

In addition to Brazil, IcelandTunisia,  Mexico,  PortugalGreece, and Romania have already undergone similar reviews and others are currently ongoing in the ten ASEAN member states.

More about the OECD Toolkit and the existing competition assessment reviews

Related links

OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit

OECD Recommendation on Competition Assessment 

OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Iceland 2020

OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Tunisia 2020

More OECD work on Competition

More on Brazil

More OECD competition work on Brazil

OECD Economic Surveys: Brazil 2020

Fighting bid rigging in Brazil: A review of federal public procurement 


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