Publication date: 7 September 2023
Access the Toolkit:
Download the Checklist:printable pdf, A4
What has competition got to do with gender? Competition authorities play a crucial role in shaping fair and thriving markets. However, the connection between competition and gender is often overlooked.
The OECD Gender Inclusive Competition Toolkit equips competition authorities with the knowledge and tools necessary to incorporate gender considerations into their work. It offers an evidence-based approach, going beyond theory to provide concrete recommendations that can enhance the accuracy of analysis, facilitate cartel investigations and optimise advocacy efforts.
It also provides specific actions to implement and practical tips on how to apply a gender lens to:
By incorporating this Toolkit into their day-to-day operations, competition authorities can contribute even more to the advancement of fair and efficient markets that benefit individuals of all genders.
The Toolkit contains a Gender Inclusive Competition Checklist with 10 ways to apply a gender lens to competition policy.
These key insights list some of findings and benefits of applying a gender lens to the various aspects of competition.
This presentation contains key figures in the Toolkit and can be used to amplify its dissemination.
The fight for gender equality is one of the defining challenges of our age. While progress has been made in many areas, the relationship between gender and competition remained largely unexplored until 2018, when the OECD began to explore whether a gender lens might in fact help deliver a more effective competition policy.
This was the beginning of the OECD Gender Inclusive Competition Policy project, launched with the support of the Canadian Government and in particular the Canadian Competition Bureau.
In September 2020, the OECD adressed a call for research proposals to academia, private practice, competition agencies, regulators, consultancies or the wider policy world looking for new evidence and help develop guidance on how to develop a more gender inclusive competition policy.
In February 2021, an online workshop took place to discuss the 61 proposals received from 28 different countries. Seven projects were selected to explore cartel behaviour, prioritisation, market definition and public interest considerations. These were presented during an open online conference in October 2021.
FINAL RESEARCH PAPERS
Paper #1 Gender differences in surveys for market definition and merger analysis l Presentation with key findings
Paper #2 Gender considerations in the analysis of market definition and competitive effects: A practical framework and illustrative example l Presentation with key findings
Paper #3 Cartel behaviour and boys’ club dynamics: French cartel practice through a gender lens l Presentation with key findings
Paper #6 Prioritising gendered public interest considerations l Presentation with key findings
For more information don't hesitate to contact:
A new toolkit for gender-inclusive competition law Vanessa van Weelden et al, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, September 2023
Promoting Effective Entry and Participation of Women Entrepreneurs in thee South African Economy Competition Commission South Africa, June 2023
Shaping the "she-covery": Using gender inclusive competition policy to build back better Blog by Chris Pike, OECD on the Level, August 2020
Competition Policy and Gender Article by Chris Pike & Estefania Santacreu-Vasut, Concurrences. November 2019
Gender inequality, market distortion and consumer welfare: A call to action for competition authorities Article by Sarah Long, Journal of European Competition Law & Practice, May 2019
2019 OECD Conference on Gender Equality in Business, Materials and webcast
Gender and competition: 2018 OECD Global Forum on Competition, Session 2, Materials and webcast
Gender, competition policy and the GUDP (Grossly Undervalued Domestic Product) Intervention by Sarah Long at the Chillin Competition Conference, November 2018
Competition policy and gender, OECD Background paper on Competition Policy and Gender, by Chris Pike & Estefania Santacreu-Vasut, September 2018
The effects of market power on women and people of color by Nell Abernathy, presentation to the Congressional Antitrust Caucus, March 2018
What’s gender got to do with competition policy, Blog by Chris Pike, OECD on the Level, March 2018
How monopolies make gender inequality worse Article by Sally Hubbard, Forbes magazine, December 2017
Second online conference presenting selected research papers (October 2021)
Briefing meeting on project progress (March 2021)
First online conference presenting proposals received (February 2021)