Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Peer Reviews seek to improve the quality and effectiveness of DAC members’ development co-operation policies, programmes and systems. They take an integrated, system wide approach aiming to promote good development partnerships for better impact on poverty reduction and sustainable development in developing countries, in order to strengthen the contribution of DAC members to the 2030 Agenda.
Dual objectives: accountability and learning
Peer reviews hold DAC members accountable for the commitments they have made, monitor implementation of recommendations from previous reviews, track adherence to OECD and DAC Recommendations and instruments, and recommend actions to improve performance in line with relevant components of the analytical framework contained in the DAC Peer Review Methodology.
Peer reviews contribute to learning by identifying areas of good, effective and innovative practice which are shared with DAC members. These practices are published on Development Co-operation TIPs ∙ Tools Insights Practices.
Peer review analytical framework
While it provides benchmarks and conditions that set a strong foundation for effective development co-operation, each peer review is situated in the member’s own context.
Peer review process
The peer review methodology describes the review process and sets out the roles and responsibilities of participants.
For each peer review, two DAC members are nominated as reviewers (peers). A country that is not a DAC member or another stakeholder (for example a partner country or civil society organisation) may observe a peer review. Together, the DAC Secretariat, reviewers and, where relevant, observer form the review team.
On the basis of the strengths and areas for improvement identified in the member’s self-assessment and partner assessments, and progress implementing recommendations, the reviewed member and review team agree areas on which to concentrate the review. Fact-finding, research, and consultations include a visit to the member’s headquarters and normally include visits to one or more partner countries.
Reviews draw on inputs and evidence from the member’s staff, its key institutions, partners and stakeholders. The draft report is discussed by the DAC in a formal meeting prior to publication. Follow-up to the peer review includes a voluntary management response and mid-term review.
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