Development finance topics

Tri Hita Karana Roadmap for Blended Finance


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Blended Finance and Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

We support the Tri Hita Karana Roadmap for Blended Finance, its shared value system and the respective guidance, with the full recognition that market-wide coordinated action is necessary to more effectively and efficiently deliver the necessary financing and development impact needed to support the fulfilment of the SDGs.

Shared values:

  •  Anchor blended finance into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Blended finance activities should support developing countries in achieving inclusive, social, economic and environmentally sustainable development that benefits women and girls equally. Blended finance should aim to go beyond what is available, or which is otherwise absent from the market, and should not crowd out commercial finance.
  •  Commit to using blended finance to mobilise commercial finance. Blended finance should operate as a channel for commercial capital to address sustainable development. In doing so, blended finance operations should aim at scalability and leverage based on context and conditions. Blended finance should assume a pathfinder role of bringing in commercial capital into sectors and jurisdictions where financing needs are the greatest, such as in LDCs and women’s finance, while balancing risks and rewards with minimum levels of concessionality.
  • Design blended finance to move towards commercial sustainability. Blended finance transactions should have a clear strategy for their duration and exit, in particular if concessional finance is involved. That is, the level of concessionality extended to subsequent projects should not only aim at mobilising additional finance, but also be reduced demonstrably over time. This includes that blended finance stakeholders should seek to actively locate pathways for financing private sector investments through market-clearing financing solutions. When blending with concessional finance, the DFI Working Group Enhanced Principles on Blended Concessional Finance for Private Sector Projects  (DFI Enhanced Principles) should be respected. Suppliers of blended finance resources that can be utilised in a concessional manner can play a significant role in scaling up the effectiveness and efficiency of the blended finance market by actors respecting these DFI Enhanced Principles in all structures and initiatives to be funded with their concessional resources.
  • Structure blended finance to build inclusive markets. Blended finance should help to accelerate inclusive sustainable market development, including the local financial market. Local engagement and ownership should be pursued. At the same time, blended finance should be accompanied by efforts to promote a sound enabling environment and investment climate. In addition, availability of information relevant for market making should be coordinated among policy makers, development finance providers, commercial investors and investees to leverage experience and track record. Ultimately, in each market, clarifying, sharing and addressing the root causes for requiring blended financing should be prioritised. 
  • Promote transparency when engaging in blended finance. Accountability and transparency on the appropriate use and impact of blended finance should be pursued. Financial flows and development results should be tracked, reported and communicated. Thereby, blended finance should seek to promote adherence to high standards of conduct by private sector investors and investee companies, including in the areas of corporate governance, environmental impact, social inclusion, transparency, integrity, and disclosure.

Action areas:

Following possible areas for action have been identified to help ensure effectiveness and efficiency in the use and scaling up of blended finance operations, and to help establish the appropriate environment for blended finance:

  • Practice: Translate a common narrative into good practices;
  • Mobilisation: Where possible, accelerate mobilisation of private commercial finance by optimising incentives, financial instruments and standardisation efforts;
  • Transparency: Build on efforts to facilitate transparency in the use of blended finance, in particular blended concessional finance;
  • Build inclusive markets: Addressing specificities in the local and international investment climate;
  • Impact: Promote measurement and monitoring of the impact of blended investments towards the SDGs.


THK Working Group on Covid-19 and Blended Finance publishes Statement on the role of DFIs, MDBs and Shareholders in building back better in the wake of Covid-19

In response to the worldwide Covid-19 crisis and with the hope of providing a timely and effective contribution on how to build back better, a new THK roadmap action area on Covid-19 was created in the spring of 2020. A select group of THK members was established with representatives from international organizations, think tanks, development banks and for-profit organizations, with the aim of analysing the central role Development Finance Institutions (DFIs), Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) and Shareholders can play in building back better by providing countercyclical support for short term and long term sustainable development.

The Working Group has published a Statement comprising key recommendations for DFIs, MDBs and Shareholders to best speed up a sustainable and resilient recovery in developing economies. The aim of the Statement is to inform discussion and action by THK members and other interested stakeholders in relation to the role of DFIs, MDBs and Shareholders in the wake of Covid-19. The Statement is informed by a background report on the topic written by the same Group.

All THK members and other stakeholders are encouraged to publicly support the Statement by signing up either as an individual or as a representative of an organisation. Furthermore, any comments on the Statement are welcome as an input to the discussion on the role of DFIs, MDBs and Shareholders in the wake of Covid-19. A list of signatories and comments will be published in due course, and comments on the Statement be reviewed to inform the further work of the THK. You are also invited to refer to the The Background Report produced by the Working Group.


Indonesia and the OECD, together with major partners from governments, Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) and private sector entities, express their support for the “Tri Hita Karana Roadmap for Blended Finance”, which was announced at the Tri Hita Karana Sustainable Development Forum on "Blended Finance and Innovation for Better Business Better World" in Bali, Indonesia, from 9-11 October 2018. The supporters of the Roadmap recognise that a common language and collective action is needed to deliver the financing needs to support the fulfilment of the SGDs.

Supporters include:
Canada, Indonesia, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), Development Bank of Southern Africa (DBSA), Blended Finance Taskforce, Convergence Blended Finance, Sustainable Development Investment Partnership (SDIP), World Economic Forum and the OECD.


All relevant actors are invited to join the Roadmap, and to contribute within this shared value system and the respective guidance.

Contact us at: [email protected]