Development finance standards

Mobilised private finance for development


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As the need to have private resources finance the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) arose, the OECD has established an international standard for measuring the volume of private finance mobilised by development finance interventions.


The OECD methodology to measure and collect such data was developed in consultation with multilateral and bilateral development finance institutions, as well as in collaboration with the OECD-led Research Collaborative on Tracking Finance for Climate Action.

Data are collected following instrument-specific methodologies, covering all leveraging mechanisms used by Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) and Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs): guarantees, syndicated loans, project finance schemes, shares in collective investment vehicles, direct investment in companies, credit lines and simple co-financing. Work is on-going to capture the mobilisation effect of some technical assistance activities.


Our 2023 report on mobilised private finance presents qualitative insights on both bilateral and multilateral development co-operation providers’ portfolios, and how they use leveraging mechanisms, as well as on incentives and obstacles they encounter to scale up private finance for sustainable development and climate action.

Data on mobilised private finance

Access the OECD.Stat database that presents main aggregates on mobilised private finance, while addressing the confidentiality constraints of some providers.



  • Total amount of mobilised private finance has been growing and it reached USD 51 billion in 2020.
  • The two leveraging mechanisms that mobilised the largest volumes of private finance were direct investment (in companies and project finance special purpose vehicles) and guarantees, which together accounted for more than half of mobilisation in each year.



  • Africa and Asia were the main beneficiary regions of the mobilisation effect of official development finance interventions in 2012-2020, accounting for 30% and 27% of the total respectively.
  • During the nine-year period, most mobilised private finance was allocated to middle income countries, such as Türkiye, India, Ukraine and People’s Republic of China.



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