Environment and development

Green Growth and Development



Green Growth and Development

Biodiversity and Development

Tools for Green Growth


1. Green Growth, Developing Countries and Development Policy 

Green growth presents a new approach to economic growth - putting well-being at the centre of development while ensuring that natural assets continue to provide the resources and environmental services to support sustainable development. The OECD works with a network of development co-operation agencies, countries and other development partners to share experience, facilitate lesson-learning and to promote good practice in integration of green growth objectives into development planning and policy. The core aim is to ensure that development co-operation activities successfully support country-led development policies and planning to deliver economic growth that is both green and inclusive. See our work streams below for more details.


(i) Publications and Related Documents



Towards Green Growth in Southeast Asia (2014) 

Southeast Asia’s booming economy offers tremendous growth potential, but also large and interlinked economic, social and environmental challenges. The region’s current growth model is based in large part on natural resource exploitation, exacerbating these challenges. This report provides evidence that, with the right policies and institutions, Southeast Asia can pursue green growth and thus sustain the natural capital and environmental services, including a stable climate, on which prosperity depends.

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development (2013)

This policy guidance outlines a number of steps to be considered when building capacity for greening national development planning, national budgetary processes and key economic sector strategies. It identifies the key actors to be engaged in the decision making processes, outlines possible capacity needs and suggests how these can be addressed. This policy guidance is intended to support developing countries in their efforts to move to a greener development path. It is also intended to assist development co-operation and environment agencies in their efforts to support that process.

Working papers and policy briefs

Green Development Co-operation in Zambia: An Overview (2014)

This working paper illustrates the foundations of green growth in Zambia and provides an overview of bilateral green development co-operation efforts in the country from 2004 to 2012.

OECD Post-2015: Global and local environmental sustainability, development and growth (2014) 

This is Element 4, Paper 1 of the OECD Reflection papers on the Post-2015 Development Agenda. For more information, see here

Green Growth and Poverty Reduction: Policy Coherence for pro-Poor Growth (2013)

This paper explores the policy coherence for development dimensions of green growth strategies pursued by OECD member states.

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia (2013)

This report presents a case study on Cambodia that is designed to answer the following questions: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward?

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Ethiopia (2013)

This report showcases the holistic approach to growth that the Ethiopian Government has recently developed, which aims to tackle the issues inherent in growth paths that produce environmental problems, and to realise potentials from investing in Ethiopia’s natural assets.


Key OECD documents on Green Growth

This website draws together key OECD documents on green growth from across the whole organisation. This includes the Green Growth Studies series, the Green Growth Papers series, and the OECD Green Growth Strategy Package. 



(ii) Events 


The 17th DAC Network on Environment and Development Co-operation (ENVIRONET) Meeting, OECD, Paris, France

This meeting brought together representatives and experts from the Environment and Development Co-operation Committees to discuss on [i]Engaging the Private Sector in Action on Climate Change, Green Growth and Development [ii] Building Resilient, Sustainable Cities


OECD ENVIRONET Expert Workshop: Green Growth, Development Planning and Policy, OECD, Paris, 20 February 2014

The objective of this Workshop was to share experience, identify lessons and promote good practice among development partners on how to advance country-led inclusive green growth through in-country development planning and policy processes. 


G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, Moscow, Russian Federation, 7 July 2013

This Workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group's (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.


National Scoping Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth in Zambia, Chisamba, Zambia, 4-5 July 2013

This event was organised by the government of Zambia, with support from the OECD, the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) to improve the knowledge base to help the government engage with local stakeholders to plan a transition towards an inclusive green economy. The Workshop report is available here


Green Growth in Africa: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future, Lusaka, Zambia, 15-18 January 2013. 

The Government of Zambia hosted two back-to-back workshops in January 2013 under the theme “Green Growth in Africa: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future” in partnership with the African Development Bank, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Finland, and the OECD. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.



(iii) Related Websites, Blogs and Articles 


OECD work on green growth - topic site

OECD Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forums

OECD contribution to the G20 Development Working Group: A Toolkit of Policy Options to Support Inclusive Green Growth (Revised version, July 2013)

Green Growth is the Heart of Development, guest article by DAC Chair Erik Solheim, June 2013

World Environment Day - OECD Insights blog post by Serge Tomasi, Deputy Director of the OECD Development Co-operation Directorate, June 2013




2. Biodiversity and Development

To facilitate green growth and sustainable development in partner countries, development co-operation agencies aim to support partner countries to integrate local and global environmental concerns into their development policies. The OECD is examining how development co-operation partners are advancing biodiversity and development objectives in practice, the challenges and opportunities and the lessons learnt to date.

See the OECD DAC Policy Statement on Integrating Biodiversity and Associated Ecosystem Services into Development Co-operation (2010)


Working Papers

1. Financing for Development in Support of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

This paper examines:

  • The landscape of biodiversity finance
  • Trends in bilateral commitments of official development assistance (ODA) to biodiversity
  • How development co-operation can support partner countries to mobilise and access other sources of development finance for biodiversity

2. Biodiversity and Development Co-operation

This paper outlines how development co-operation can:

  • support mainstreaming biodiversity and ecosystem services into development
  • manage for results, particularly trade-offs and synergies
  • incorporate monitoring and evaluation approaches into biodiversity-related development co-operation activities
  • better align and harmonise providers' activities with partner country priorities

The papers showcase examples of challenges and good practice, and provide a basis for future joint work on biodiversity and development between the OECD Development Co-operation Directorate and the OECD Environment Directorate.



OECD Workshop on Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results, OECD, Paris, 18 February 2015

This workshop brought together over 85 representatives from the biodiversity and development co-operation communities to share experiences and insights on the key opportunities and challenges to mainstreaming biodiversity into development policies and planning and into development co-operation.


Data and analysis

Flyers with present and past OECD DAC statistics and analysis and a data visualisation portal on biodiversity-related development finance is available on the biodiverisity Rio marker website, with more general information on the Rio markers homepage


The Environment Directorate of the OECD has also done extensive work on Economics and Policies for Biodiversity




3. Tools for Green Growth

Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and enhancing capacity for environmental management and governance are important tools for green growth, both for developing countries pursuing green models of development, and for development co-operation agencies that are supporting green growth and integrating the environment into their development co-operation activities.


Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment: Good Practice Guidance for Development Co-operation (2006) provides recommendations and a framework for the application of SEA to development co-operation based on emerging good practice. Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) consists of a range of analytical and participatory approaches that aim to integrate environmental considerations into policies, plans and programmes and evaluate the inter-linkages with economic and social considerations. Our involvement in the Strategic Environmental Assessment Network has enabled us to produce guidance notes to promote a more harmonised, effective approach to SEA, working alongside key donor and development agencies.
Greening Development: Enhancing Capacity for Environmental Management and Governance (2012) is relevant to environment and development co-operation officials in both countries providing support and in developing countries. Enhancing Capacity for Environmental Management and Governance is relevant both to environment and development co-operation officials in providing development assistance, and to officials in developing countries themselves. This OECD policy guidance outlines steps to be considered when building capacity for greening national development planning, national budgetary processes and key economic sector strategies. It identifies the key actors to be engaged in the decision making processes, possible institutional capacity needs and suggests how these can be addressed.



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