The Accra High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness set out to reform the way developed and developing countries work together, to ensure that development assistance is well spent and that it helps build sustainable economies that lift people out of poverty.
Organised by OECD and the World Bank, and hosted by the Government of Ghana, the Forum brought together ministers, heads of development agencies and civil society organisations from more than 100 countries. Examining the results of development aid, they examine what needs to change and how the international aid system can deliver the "best bang for the buck".
The three-day meeting closed with a day of ministerial sessions. The OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, began the ministers’ discussions (read Gurría's speech) by introducing John Kufuor, the President of Ghana. They were joined by national leaders and ministers from donor and developing countries – including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, China, Colombia, Egypt, France, Germany, Guatemala, Honduras, Liberia, Moldova, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Timor Leste, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Vietnam – and the heads of the World Bank, the African and Asian Development Banks, and the UNDP.
The Forum concluded with the endorsement of the Accra Agenda for Action which outlines a renewed international commitment to take the Paris Declaration forward and to step up efforts to reach its 2010 targets.
Using as their benchmark the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, participants evaluated how well donor and recipient countries are working in partnership to meet their development commitments.
Are donors are providing long-term and predictable funding?; co-ordinating development efforts within and between national governments including their developing partners; and are further untying aid. Are recipient countries taking ownership of their own development needs, working with their parliaments and civil society to set development goals and build the capacity to meet them.
The Accra Agenda for Action
Developed and developing countries agreed to take bold steps to reform the way aid is given and spent. After three days of intense negotiations, they endorsed the Accra Agenda for Action. Developing countries have committed to take control of their own futures, donors to co-ordinate better amongst themselves, and both parties to the Agenda have pledged to account to each other and their citizens.
The Accra Agenda for Action is the product of an unprecedented alliance of development partners – developing and donor countries, emerging economies, UN and multilateral institutions, global funds and civil society organisations. They all participated in the discussions leading up to the Third High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, hosted by the Government of Ghana and organised by OECD and the World Bank, in Accra.
Forum participants used as a baseline the development goals set out in the The Paris Declaration signed in 2005. Their discussions on the need to make aid more effective were based on consultations with more than 80 developing countries, all OECD donors and a large number of civil society organisations from around the world.