Effective development co-operation

Kampala Principles for effective private sector engagement through development co-operation


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In the framework of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (GPEDC), a set of principles has been developed to improve the quality of partnerships between development partners and the private sector.


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The Kampala Principles


  1. Inclusive country ownership
    Strengthening coordination, alignment and
    capacity at the country level


  2. Results and targeted Impacts
    Releasing sustainable development
    outcomes through mutual benefits

  3. Inclusive partnership
    Foster trust through inclusive
    dialogue and consultation


  4. Transparency and accountability
    Measuring and disseminating sustainable
    development results for learning and
    scalling up of successes

  5. Leave no-one behind
    Recognising, sharing and mitigating
    investment risks for all partners

What do the principles focus on?

The Kampala Principles promote ownership of private sector engagement (PSE) through development co-operation by partner countries and ensure the alignment of PSE projects and programmes with national sustainable development priorities. They focus on realising sustainable development results and serve as a basis for inclusive dialogue and more effective partnerships. The principles support greater transparency and accountability and address the heightened commercial and other risks for partners involved in PSE through development co-operation when targeting those furthest behind.

Who are the principles for?

The principles are for voluntary use by all stakeholder groups including governments, domestic and international businesses, business associations, micro-, small- and medium-sized entreprises (MSMEs), development partners, trade unions, civil society, research institutions and foundations.

Inclusive consultations and dialogue towards the principles

First semester 2017 - Agreement on principles’ focus: Focus on effective PSE through development co-operation at country level with all partners, based on mapping and gap analysis of 70 global, regional and sectoral PSE platforms. 

First semester 2017 - Multi-stakeholder policy guidance: Creation of a PSE Working Group and Business Leaders Caucus

December 2017 - September 2018 - Country case studies in Bangladesh, Egypt, El Salvador and Uganda, drawing on extensive literature review, interviews and analysis of 919 PSE projects.

January - October 2018 - National workshops in partner countries with policy makers, experts, practitioners and business representatives, leading to action at the national level. 

September 2018 - Event on PSE provided by emerging economies in Brazil

October 2018 - Synthesis of findings compiled in a issues paper for further consultation.

October 2018 - January 2019 - Meetings of the Business Leaders Caucus. 

January 2019 - Specialised Policy Dialogue at the OECD’s Private Finance for Sustainable Development (PF4SD) Week, with a statement by the Business Leaders Caucus.

March 2019 - Side-event at BAPA+40 Conference, including a typology of PSE efforts by emerging economies.

March 2019 - Principles for Effective Private Sector Engagement agreed upon by Steering Committee at the 17th Meeting in Kampala, Uganda.

July 2019 - Launch of “Kampala Principles” at the GPEDC Senior-Level Meeting in New York. 

From principles to action

The five principles provide new normative guidance for private sector partnerships. In order to facilitate action by governments, their development partners, the private sector, civil society and trade unions, it is critical to provide more actionable guidance tailored to these stakeholder groups. The OECD will support the Global Partnership efforts's to develop such guidance in its next programme of work. As a multi-stakeholder platform bringing together all actors engaged in development cooperation, the Global Partnership is well placed to undertake this task.

GPEDC is exploring with its members and other organisations how to operationalise and implement the principles, helping members to bring them to life in their partnerships.

If you or your organisation want to join the Global Partnership’s efforts to make private sector engagement more effective, please contact




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