Conflict, fragility and resilience

States of Fragility Reports


States of Fragility 2018

Three years into the 2030 Agenda it is already apparent that those living in fragile contexts are the furthest behind. Not all forms of fragility make it to the public’s eye: fragility is an intricate beast, sometimes exposed, often lurking underneath, but always holding progress back. Conflict, forced displacement, violent extremism, famine etc. are all causes and consequences of fragility. Hence the need to better understand, anticipate and respond to fragility.

States of Fragility 2018 exposes the critical challenge posed by fragility in achieving the aspirations of the 2030 Agenda, sustainable development and peace. It highlights twelve key aspects of fragility, defying common assumptions and simplistic categorisation. It documents progress made in fragile situations on attaining sustainable development, unveiling exit doors from the fragility trap. It then illustrates the current state of financing to address fragility and suggests more effective approaches, accounting for its multidimensionality.

Read the report here


Highlights, States of Fragility 2018


Launch events

The report was lauched in New York at the Permanent Mission of Ireland to the United Nations on July 17, 2018

A second launch followed at the OECD Washington centre on 24 July, 2018


States of Fragility Framework, 2018


Access selected figures from the report in jpg format

Figure 2.1, OECD fragility framework 2018

Figure 2.2, 58 fragile contexts in the OECD fragility framework 2018

Figure 3.1, Key characteristics of fragile contexts

Figure 3.3, Projections of global population in fragile contexts, 2016-50

Figure 3.4, Projections of extreme poverty in fragile contexts, 2016-30

Figure 4.9, ODA to fragile contexts by donor type

Figure 5.1, ODA to fragile contexts: Conflict, peace and security activities, 2010-16

Figure 6.4, Top 10 fragile recipients of remittances, 2016

Figure 6.8, Top 10 fragile recipients of FDI, 2016

Figure 7.1, Tax revenues as a percentage of GDP in frargile contexts, 2010 and 2016


In the media, States of Fragility 2018

Richard Gowan, "Fragile Contexts are Increasingly Battlegrounds in Geopolitical Contests"

Chukwu-Emeka chikezie "Transforming states of fragility comes down to us"

Megan Roberts, "Unpacking Fragility: Insights from the OECD’s New States of Fragility Report"

The economist, "Official development assistance"

Rebecca Wolfe (Mercy Corps), “There's more to peace than solving violent extremism”

Duncan Green (LSE), “What’s the role of Aid in Fragile States? My piece for OECD”

Phil Vernon, “Wickedness in fragile contexts”

Robert Muggah (Igarapé Institute), “Large parts of the world are growing more fragile. Here are 5 steps to reverse course”

Robert Muggah (Igarapé Institute), “O mundo está ficando mais frágil: cinco passos para inverter este rumo”


List of all reports

2018 States of Fragility 2018
2016 States of Fragility 2016, Understanding Violence
2015 States of Fragility 2015: Meeting Post-2015 Ambitions
2014 Fragile States 2014, Domestic Revenue Mobilisation in Fragile States
2013 Fragile States 2013: Resource flows and trends in a shifting world
2011 2011 Report on Financial Resource Flows: Ensuring Fragile States are not left behind
2010 Resource Flows to Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
2009 Ensuring Fragile States are not left Behind
2008 Monitoring Resource Flows to Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
2007 Monitoring Resource Flows to Fragile States: 2007 Report
2006 Monitoring Resource Flows to Fragile States: 2006 Report
2005 Monitoring Resource Flows to Fragile States: 2005 Report

Access the data files

Methodology for the selection of sector codes of the OECD Creditor Reporting System (CRS) that have been attributed to the

New Deal Peacebuilding and State building Goals (PSGs)


Conflict prevention

Pathways for Peace study’s arenas of contestation

OECD Fragility Framework

The OECD 2018 States of Fragility Framework can be found on GitHub at this link here

ODA disbursements to the 58 fragile contexts identified in the 2018 fragility framework available here.

What is fragility?

Fragility is defined as the combination of exposure to risk and insufficient coping capacity of the state, system and/or communities to manage, absorb or mitigate those risks. Fragility can lead to negative outcomes including violence, the breakdown of institutions, displacement, humanitarian crises or other emergencies (States of Fragility report, 2016:22). 


Listen to an extract of a recent podcast where Jonathan Papoulidis, Executive Advisor on Fragile States for World Vision and Visiting Scholar at Stanford University, discusses the OECD fragility framework
Listen here
  (Source: ACUNS, Academic Council on the United Nations System).


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