Czech Republic 2021 Energy Policy Review
The International Energy Agency (IEA) regularly conducts in-depth peer reviews of
the energy policies of its member countries. This process supports energy policy development
and encourages the exchange of international best practices and experiences.
Fossil fuels, notably coal, still dominate the energy and electricity generation mix
of the Czech Republic, but new climate targets at the European level will make coal
less and less competitive. Therefore, the question is no longer if, but when, coal
will exit the country’s energy mix. To boost investor confidence and ensure adequate
electricity generation up to 2030 and beyond, the government will need to establish
a firm pathway for phasing out coal. The phase-out of coal use and mining also poses
important economic and social challenges, which the government is currently addressing
by providing support for the economic restructuring and fair transformation of mining
Although the Czech Republic has decoupled economic growth from energy consumption
since 2009, the country’s energy intensity remains above the IEA average. This highlights
the need to make energy efficiency the “first principle” of energy policy making.
This report includes a series of recommendations to support the Czech Republic’s efforts
to tackle these challenges and to meet its energy and climate goals.
Published on October 21, 2021
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