Fossil-Fuel Subsidies in the EU’s Eastern Partner Countries
Estimates and Recent Policy Developments
Based on the OECD standard methodology, the study presents quantitative estimates
of government support to consumers and producers of coal, oil and related petroleum
products and natural gas, and electricity and heat generated from these fossil fuels.
This report summarises the main findings of the analysis of fossil-fuel subsidy schemes
in the six European Union's Eastern Partner (EaP) countries – Armenia, Azerbaijan,
Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. The study updates the 2018 Inventory
of Energy Subsidies in the EU’s Eastern Partnership Countries by providing data and
estimates for 2016‑19. The analysis focuses on measuring two major types of fossil-fuel
subsidies: direct transfers of funds to producers and consumers; and tax expenditure.
This report also briefly discusses the taxation and energy pricing policies that have
had direct or indirect impact on the evolution of fossil-fuel subsidies in the region.
Detailed estimates of all individual support measures for each of the six countries
are provided in Annexes to the report.
Available from August 05, 2021
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