Reviews of National Policies for Education: Kyrgyz Republic 2010: Lessons from PISA


Executive summary | Table of contents
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ISBN: 9789264088757
Publication: 30/11/2010


Reviews of National Policies for Education: Kyrgyz Republic 2010: Lessons from PISA

The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a highly influential instrument for monitoring the quality of education systems and provides a strong evidence base for informed policy making and education research. PISA also has a proven potential to trigger reforms and stimulate stakeholder involvement in the process.

Notwithstanding the importance of its ranking, the full strength of PISA unfolds when data it delivers is utilised in the national policy domain. Linking PISA outcomes and policy choices, and monitoring the impact on education quality is thereby a demanding task, which requires sound analytical capacity, and also knowledge of the strengths and weaknesses of the respective education system. The OECD Directorate for Education addresses the demand of non-member economies for policy support in understanding and analysing PISA data in the broader context of education system management and policy formulation. 

This report explains the reasons for the dramatically low performance of Kyrgyz students in the 2006 PISA survey, despite significant resources and efforts invested in education by schools, parents and government. The report reveals that a number of policy areas are in need of urgent attention and recommends ways to close the currently existing gap between aspirations and education reform achievement.

Executive summary

Education reforms have been a persistent element in the political and social development of the Kyrgyz Republic since the first years of its gaining independence in 1991. The effort to establish a new political structure, to cope with a changing economic environment, to build a new civic and social order is still underway, demanding much of the financial and human resources of the country and the attention of its policy makers.

Table of contents

  • Executive summary
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
  • Chapter 2. Patterns of educational expenditure with comparative perspectives
  • Chapter 3. Governance and management of the system
  • Chapter 4. Early childhood care and pre-school education
  • Chapter 5. Curriculum, textbooks and learning materials
  • Chapter 6. Assessment and examinations
  • Chapter 7. Access and equity, including provision for children with special education needs
  • Chapter 8. Vocational education and training and adult education
  • Chapter 9. The teaching career and teacher education
  • Chapter 10. Higher education and research
  • Chapter 11. Conclusions and strategic recommendations for action



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