Reviews of National Policies for Education - Dominican Republic
Reforms of education, training and human resource development are integral parts of a market economy. The Dominican Republic has made progress in all these areas since reform began in the 1990s. The challenge for the State Secretariat for Education (SEE), the State Secretariat for Higher Education, Science and Technology (SEECyT) and the National Institute for Technical-Vocational Training (INFOTEP) has been to promote and support changes that meet the needs of both the new economy and society and the interests of all young people and adults, in the face of a shortage of financial and human resources.
This book gives a brief overview of regional issues and the history of education in the Dominican Republic and describes the development of education in the country over the past 15 years. It presents an analysis of the education system, identifying key directions for the reinforcement of the reforms in light of the challenges encountered by officials, communities, enterprises, educators, parents and students under very dynamic conditions. It concludes with a set of key recommendations concerning the structure of the system and its labour market relevance; access and equity; financing; governance and management; internationalisation; and research, development and innovation. This review will be very useful for both Dominican professionals and their international counterparts.
This review is part of the OECD’s ongoing co-operation with non-member economies around the world.
Education reform is a priority of the Dominican Republic in response to the forces of globalisation and the demands of the knowledge society. With the decline of traditional economic sectors such as sugar and mining, the rise of tourism, entry into the World Trade Organisation (1995) and the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), there is the recognition that education is crucial to the sustainable development of the country. Over the past 15 years, significant progress has been made in reforms of both compulsory and tertiary education in the Dominican Republic. This joint OECD report provides an overview of the impressive forward thinking and application of education reform in the country and offers advice on issues of access, equity, quality, and decentralisation of management and financing responsibilities.
Against the background report prepared by the Dominican authorities and information supplied in meetings in the course of site visits the examiners’ report gives an analysis of the education sector within the economic, social and political context of the Dominican Republic. The final chapter brings together in the form of a synthesis specific recommendations and sets out how policies could be addressed system-wide, linked to priority issues of access and equity, governance, school leadership, student evaluation, and efficient use of resources.
This review of education policy was undertaken within the framework of the programme of work of the OECD Directorate for Education’s Global Relations Strategy. The financing for the review was provided by the Government of the Dominican Republic.
Members of the review team were: Aims McGuinness (United States), Rapporteur, NCHEMS National Centre for Higher Education Management Systems; John Coolahan (Ireland), former professor, National University of Ireland; Alain Michel (France) Inspector General, Ministry of National Education, former member of the OECD Education Policy Committee and CERI Governing Board; Ana-María Quiroz-Martin (Chile), Ministry of Education, observer, OECD Education Policy Committee; Simon Schwartzman (Brazil), former President of the Brazilian Statistical and Geographical Institute; and Ian Whitman (OECD Secretariat). The team was assisted by Gladys Matthews (United States), Emily Groves and Ginette Meriot (OECD Secretariat).
Part One: Background Report prepared by the Dominican Authorities
Part Two: Examiners' Report
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