Agricultural policies are measures related to the domestic farm sector and trade in agricultural products. Agricultural policies address a wide range of issues, including providing sufficient food at reasonable prices for consumers, ensuring food safety and improving environmental quality. The OECD has developed agriculture support indicators that, despite this diversity, express policy measures with numbers in a comparable way across time and between countries.
Agricultural support is defined as the annual monetary value of gross transfers to agriculture from consumers and taxpayers, arising from governments’ policies that support agriculture, regardless of their objectives and their economic impacts. The Percentage Total Support Estimate indicator (%TSE) represents the total of policy transfers to agricultural sector expressed as a share of GDP. The Percentage Producer Support Estimate (%PSE) represents policy transfers to agricultural producers, measured at the farm gate and expressed as a share of gross farm receipts. TSE transfers consist of transfers to agricultural producers (measured by the PSE), consumers (measured by the CSE) and support to general services to agricultural sector (measured by the GSSE). Transfers included in the PSE are composed of market price support, budgetary payments and the cost of revenue foregone by the government and other economic agents.
Producer protection, measured by the Producer Nominal Protection Coefficient (NPC) is defined as the ratio between the average price received by producers (measured at the farm gate), including net payments per unit of current output, and the border price (measured at the farm gate). For instance, an NPC of 1.10 suggests that farmers, overall, received prices that were 10% above international market levels.
OECD support indicator tables are complemented by the annual publication Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation, which analyses the agricultural policy developments of the OECD area and individual economies.
Access the data
Overview tables - an overview of policy data and indicators for the OECD area and individual countries
Country files - individual policy measures and selected relative indicators for your country
Browsers - pivot tables to make cross-country comparisons and filter disaggregated policy-level data by commodity, policy implementation criteria and country
Use the compare your country data visualisation tool to explore PSE data in an interactive format. You can also consult the complete overview of policy data and indicators for the total OECD area, individual OECD economies and for other economies (Brazil, China, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine) below.
|Direct link||Estimate of support to agriculture|
|Direct link||Producer Support Estimate (PSE)|
|Direct link||- Composition of Producer Support Estimate|
|Direct link||Consumer Support Estimate|
|Direct link||General Services Support Estimate (GSSE)|
|Direct link||- Composition of General Services Support Estimate|
|Direct link||Total Support Estimate (TSE)|
|Direct link||Characteristics of policy support|
|Direct link||Producer Single Commodity Transfers (PSCT)|
|Direct link||Consumer Single Commodity Transfers (CSCT)|
|Direct link||Payments made on the basis of area, animal numbers, receipts or income|
|Direct link||Contribution to change in Producer Support Estimate by country, 2012 to 2013|
|Direct link||Contribution of Market Price Support to change in Producer Support Estimate by country, 2012 to 2013|
|Direct link||Contribution to change in Border Price by country, 2012 to 2013|
|Direct link||Exchange rates used for calculation of the indicators|
Display individual policy measures and selected relative indicators data for each country (Excel) with definitions and sources for each (pdf). Please note that PSE information is provided for the European Union as a whole, although budgetary payments for individual EU member countries are available in the data file.
OECD economies(published September 2014)
Other economies(published September 2013)
|Australia||Data||Definitions and sources||Brazil||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Canada||Data||Definitions and sources||China P.R||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Chile||Data||Definitions and sources||Indonesia||Data||Definitions and sources|
|European Union||Data||Definitions and sources||Kazakhstan||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Iceland||Data||Definitions and sources||Russia||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Israel||Data||Definitions and sources||South Africa||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Japan||Data||Definitions and sources||Ukraine||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Korea||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Mexico||Data||Definitions and sources|
|New Zealand||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Norway||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Switzerland||Data||Definitions and sources|
|Turkey||Data||Definitions and sources|
|United States||Data||Definitions and sources|
For policy analysis that complements the data, consult the country chapters in the Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation
For policy analysis that complements the data, consult the country chapters in:
Use our pivot tables to compare countries and filter disaggregated policy-level data by commodity, policy implementation criteria and country. Please note that data for OECD economies was published September 2014; data for other economies waspublished September 2013.