Bribery and corruption

Guidelines on Anti-Corruption and Integrity in State-Owned Enterprises


 What is the issue?

State-owned enterprises (SOEs) are a main conduit for states to exercise their roles as economic actors. The benefits of SOE ownership are economic, political and social. So too are the costs when mismanagement or abuse occurs.

SOEs today account for 22% of the world’s largest companies and their role as global competitors is growing as the boundaries of markets increasingly extend beyond geographic borders. They are often concentrated in sectors with strategic importance for the state and society and are increasingly operated like private firms.

The more pronounced presence of SOEs in the global marketplace has been marked by certain high-profile scandals and occasional evidence of susceptibility of SOEs to corruption. This raises questions about what might make SOEs susceptible to corruption and how policy makers can act to maximise their productivity by raising their integrity.

For more information about corruption in SOEs, see “State-Owned Enterprises and Corruption: What are the risks and what can be done


What can be done?


Guidelines on Anti-Corruption and Integrity in State-Owned Enterprises

English  (Official)











The Recommendation of the Council on Guidelines on Anti-Corruption and Integrity in State-Owned Enterprises is the first international instrument to offer the state, in its role as an enterprise owner, support in fighting corruption and promoting integrity in SOEs. The Guidelines can help states to ensure that owners exemplify integrity in their conduct, that ownership arrangements are conducive to integrity, that SOEs adhere to good practices at the SOE level and that accountability mechanisms are integral to SOE sectors. The Guidelines complement the goals of the OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises. They were adopted by OECD governments at the annual Ministerial Council Meeting on 22-23 May 2019.

Download the legal text of the Recommendation English | French

The Guidelines were developed by the OECD Working Party on State Ownership and Privatisation Practices in co-operation with the Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions and the Working Party of Senior Public Integrity Officials. They have benefited from input received during a public consultation and from business and labour representatives, civil society, partner countries and other interested stakeholders.


ACI-IGuide-150x200Implementation Guide





The Implementation Guide supports state owners in implementing the provisions of the Recommendation of the Council on Guidelines on Anti-Corruption and Integrity in SOEs (ACI Guidelines). The Implementation Guide covers the four pillars of the ACI Guidelines. Like the Guidelines, the Implementation Guide is addressed to government officials charged with exercising ownership of state enterprises on behalf of the general public, but can be useful for companies and civil society too. It provides answers to common questions about the Guidelines and presents many country examples of the different ways that the Guidelines can be put into practice.



Initiatives and events

OECD Trust in Business Initiative - Compliance without Borders

The OECD Trust in Business initiative is a global multi-stakeholder community committed to strengthening trust in business, by leveling the playing field and ensuring long-term value creation.

Compliance without Borders is a capacity-building project to strengthen trust and integrity in state-owned enterprises (SOEs). This OECD-Basel Institute on Governance project facilitates the secondment of compliance officers to SOEs to strengthen risk management systems and address corruption-related risks.

Read more on the OECD Trust in Business Initiative

Read more on Compliance without Borders


SOE Anti-Corruption Day

16/10/2019 - The State-owned enterprise anti-corruption day kicked-off implementation of the OECD's new Anti-Corruption and Integrity Guidelines for SOEs. Participants shared good practices at the country and company level that support the integrity, anti-corruption and compliance measures contained in the new ACI Guidelines. The event also provided an opportunity to explore channels for OECD’s future engagement with SOEs in this domain.

Download the agenda


Documents and links

Anti-Corruption and Integrity in State-Owned Enterprises in Latin America: A survey of ownership entities in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Panama and Peru


State-Owned Enterprises and Corruption: What Are the Risks and What Can Be Done?


Corporate governance of state-owned enterprises


Working Party on State Ownership and Privatisation Practices


OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of SOEs




Alison McMeekin (






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