This report exposes how “policy capture”, where public decisions over policies are consistently or repeatedly directed away from the public interest towards a specific interest, can exacerbate inequalities and undermine democratic values, economic growth and trust in government. It maps out the different mechanisms and risks of policy capture, and provides guidance for policy makers on how to mitigate these risks through four complementary strategies: engaging stakeholders with diverging interests; ensuring transparency and access to information; promoting accountability; and identifying and mitigating the risk of capture through organisational integrity policies.
Level the playing field: engage stakeholders with diverging interests to ensure an inclusive decision-making process that is more resilient to capture by narrow interests. Promote integrity and transparency in lobbying activities and political financing.
Transparency and accountability: external actors and stakeholders need access to reliable, timely and relevant information in the decision-making process. External control, effective competition and regulatory policies enable accountability in both the public and private sectors.
Identify capture risks: mitigate risks through appropriate organisational integrity policies. Define clear standards of conduct, promote a culture of integrity in public organisations, and ensure a sound control and risk-management framework can help embed organisational resilience to capture.