Role of trade facilitation in integrity in trade
Traders, customs, and border agencies face “hidden costs” linked to issues of corruption, bribery, smuggling and insecurity at the border. However, exploration of the problem of corruption in border processes and of the policies to address it has been significantly hampered by data availability issues.
Private sector surveys have regularly signalled lack of integrity at the border as one of the key obstacles they encounter both when exporting and importing. At the same time, lack of integrity has also been acknowledged by Customs authorities and other border agencies as a critical challenge not only at the border but for the whole economy due to the risks of revenue leakage, the resulting disincentives to trade and foreign investment, and even the decline in public confidence in government institutions. For an in depth review of potential determinants of border-related corruption and trade facilitation policies most likely to address it, see Exploring the role of trade facilitation in supporting integrity in trade.
This checklist outlines key messages in the OECD's investigation of the role of trade facilitation in supporting integrity in trade.