FDI in the first 9 months of 2023
Global FDI flows struggled in 2023 (USD bn)
Source: OECD International Direct Investment Statistics database.
 By definition, inward and outward FDI worldwide should be equal, but in practice, there are statistical discrepancies between inward and outward FDI. Unless otherwise specified, references to ‘global FDI flows’ refer to the average of these two figures.
Global FDI flows rebounded but still struggled in the first half of 2023
31/10/2023 - In the first half of 2023, global FDI flows rebounded to USD 727 billion from very low levels recorded in the second half of 2022, but remained 30% below the level recorded in the first semester of 2022. There were important surges in Luxembourg and the Netherlands from large disinvestments in H2 2022. FDI flows in the United States, the largest recipient of FDI flows, remained stable. However, decreases were recorded in more than two-third of OECD economies.
Trends, investor types and drivers of renewables energy FDI, OECD Working Papers on International Investment, Polina Knutsson and Perla Ibarlucea Flores, 2022
Divestments by MNEs: What do we know about why they happen?, Maria Borga and Monika Sztajerowska, 2018
Trade, FDI and global value chains
International trade and FDI are the main defining features and key drivers of global value chains. For the first time ever, these statistical notes for OECD countries provide evidence on the role played by investment in global value chains.
FDI regulatory restrictiveness index
The FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) measures statutory restrictions on foreign direct investment in 58 countries, including all OECD and G20 countries, and covers 22 sectors.
FDI statistics database
Access the data on OECD.Stat (categorised under "Globalisation")
Access metadata underlying FDI statistics by partner country and by industry for OECD countries
The new FDI statistics database covering FDI statistics from 2014 onwards went online in March 2015.Full list of frequently requested data found on the FDI statistics database
OECD benchmark definition (BMD4)
The FDI statistics database uses data compiled with "BMD4"- The 4th edition of the OECD Benchmark definition of FDI (BMD4) provides operational guidelines on how foreign direct investment activity should be measured and sets the world standard for collecting direct investment statistics.
Data collection calendar
Aggregate FDI statistics are updated quarterly, four months after the end of the reference quarter and revisions to earlier periods.
Detailed FDI statistics by partner country and by industry are updated annually, in the second half of December of the year after the reference year and incorporate revisions to earlier periods.
Documents and links
Trends, investor types and drivers of renewables energy FDI, OECD Working Papers on International Investment, 2022
Please find here (link to excel tables) the latest official FDI statistics for Q1 2022 as published by official national sources by the end of June 2022. Data for Q2 2022 will be published separately by national authorities by the end of September 2022, and released at the end of October 2022 in the OECD FDI database.