This report reviews the rationales offered by national governments for including or maintaining certain corporate assets in state ownership. Drawing from responses from 24 countries to a questionnaire based on the OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises (the “Guidelines”), the report aims to provide guidance to authorities seeking to reform or review their ownership policies. It does so, first, by providing provides an inventory of national practices regarding the application of the Guidelines recommendation that governments should develop and issue an ownership policy that defines the overall objectives of state ownership, the state’s role in the corporate governance of state-owned enterprises (SOEs), and how it will implement its ownership policy. Second, the report illustrates how the state enterprise ownership policy is applied in situations where new SOEs are created, or when the state decides to terminate its enterprise ownership. The report was reviewed by the OECD Working Party on State Ownership and Privatisation Practices, which oversees implementation of the Guidelines, and is current as of October 2014.
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The G20/OECD Principles of Corporate Governance provide recommendations on shareholder rights, executive remuneration, financial disclosure, the behaviour of institutional investors and how stock markets should function. Sound corporate governance is seen as an essential element for promoting capital-market based financing and unlocking investment, which are keys to boosting long-term economic growth.
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This report responds to the request of G20 Finance Ministers and Governors in their February 2015 communique for “the FSB, coordinating the inputs of the IMF, OECD, BIS, IOSCO and WBG to prepare a report by our meeting in September preceded by an interim report to the June Deputies meeting to examine the factors that shape the liability structure of corporates focusing on its implications for financial stability.”
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Presented to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in September 2015, this report is about the relationship between corporate governance and corporate access to capital markets with a focus on growth companies that have the potential to escape a static state of being an SME. It provides an extensive empirical overview of how corporations enter and use public equity markets and corporate bond markets.
This factbook describes corporate governance practices in OECD countries as well as Argentina; Brazil; Hong Kong, China; India; Indonesia; Lithuania; Saudi Arabia; and, Singapore. It provides an easily accessible and up-to-date, factual underpinning for understanding countries’ institutional, legal and regulatory frameworks, and to support their implementation of good corporate governance practices.
In 2014, many countries implemented the latest international guidelines for compiling FDI statistics. The new standards have resulted in significant changes in FDI statistics, including new measures of FDI at the global level.
This report evaluates the corporate governance framework for the Colombian state-owned enterprise sector relative to the OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises. The report was prepared at the request of the Republic of Colombia. It is based on a review involving all OECD countries.
In the wake of the collapse of the Rana Plaza garment factory in Bangladesh in 2013, initiatives to strengthen regulation of global supply chains in the textile and garment sector have multiplied. Tackling the issues involved requires sustained collaboration among industry, government, worker organisations and civil society. This project aims to promote such collaboration as well as the harmonisation of existing standards in the sector.
The OECD updated the OECD Principles of Corporate Governance to ensure their continuing high quality, relevance and usefulness, taking into account recent developments in the corporate sector and capital markets.
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The Japanese economy has for many years been characterised by a low corporate return on equity. Increasing returns requires better corporate governance that improves investment and the use of corporate resources, including cash holdings.