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Guidelines for multinational enterprises

Foreign Direct Investment Statistics: Data, Analysis and Forecasts

 

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FDI in Figures July 2022 update: FDI flows reach highest level in five years
20/07/2022 - Please find here the latest official FDI statistics for Q1 2022 as published by official national sources by the end of June 2022. Data for Q2 2022 will be published separately by national authorities by the end of September 2022, and released at the end of October 2022 in the OECD FDI database.
  • Preliminary estimates for Q1 2022 show global FDI flows continue on their upward trajectory, increasing by 28% compared to Q4 2021, to USD 535 billion. Global FDI flows reached their highest quarterly level in the past five years. On a year-over-year basis, global FDI flows increased by 15% compared to Q1 2021.
  • Top recipients of FDI inflows worldwide in the first quarter of 2022 were China (USD 101 billion), the United States (USD 67 billion), and Australia (USD 59 billion).
  • Top sources of FDI outflows worldwide were the United States (USD 114 billion), Australia (USD 80 billion) and the United Kingdom (USD 58 billion).
  • OECD FDI inflows almost doubled in Q1 2022 compared to Q4 2021, partly driven by record high levels of inflows in Australia and major increases in some European countries, up from negative levels in Q4 2021. On a year-over-year basis, OECD FDI inflows increased by 21% compared to Q1 2021.
  • OECD FDI outflows increased by 38% in Q1 2022 compared to Q4 2021, partly driven by large levels of outflows from Australia and the United States, as well as increases from the Netherlands, which had recorded large negative levels in Q4 2021 due to equity divestment of assets abroad and movements in intra-company debt. On a year-over-year basis, OECD FDI outflows increased by 24% compared to Q1 2021.
  • Record levels of FDI inflows and outflows for Australia were due to a range of mergers and acquisitions and global corporate restructuring that took place in the first quarter of 2022, particularly in the technology sector.
 

Global FDI flows reached their highest quarterly level in the past five years (USD bn)

 

Source: OECD International Direct Investment Statistics database.

 

FDI in Figures April 2022: Global FDI flows surge 88% in 2021, rising above pre-pandemic levels

29/04/2022 - Global FDI flows bounced back in 2021, growing by 88% to USD 1 815 billion, and 37% above pre-pandemic levels. However, the outlook remains uncertain given the current geopolitical context. This growth was driven by OECD area earnings on inward and outward FDI reaching some of their highest levels since 2005. In 2021, the United States was the top FDI destination worldwide, followed by China, Canada and Brazil. 

  • Download the infographic in EN or FR

 

OECD statistics on foreign direct investment are constructed using official country FDI statistics. Any projections used are noted in the report.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 FDI in Figures 288x500

 

In focus

Divestments by MNEs: What do we know about why they happen?,” by Maria Borga and Monika Sztajerowska

 

 

Trade, FDI and global value chains 

International trade and FDI are the main defining features and key drivers of global value chains.  For the first time ever, these statistical notes for OECD countries provide evidence on the role played by investment in global value chains.

Download the country notes

 

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FDI regulatory restrictiveness index

The FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index (FDI Index) measures statutory restrictions on foreign direct investment in 58 countries, including all OECD and G20 countries, and covers 22 sectors.

Access the FDI index 

 

     
FDI statistics database

Access the data on OECD.Stat (categorised under "Globalisation")

Access metadata underlying FDI statistics by partner country and by industry for OECD countries

The new FDI statistics database covering FDI statistics from 2014 onwards went online in March 2015. 

Full list of frequently requested data found on the FDI statistics database 

Content and structure of the FDI statistics database according to BMD4

 

Access data prior to 2014 

 
OECD benchmark definition (BMD4)

The FDI statistics database uses data compiled with "BMD4"- The 4th edition of the OECD Benchmark definition of FDI (BMD4) provides operational guidelines on how foreign direct investment activity should be measured and sets the world standard for collecting direct investment statistics.

How BMD4 impacts our compilation of FDI statistics

 

Brochure on the major changes introduced by BMD4

 

Note on the FDI statistics database according to BMD4

 

Explanatory notes on OECD FDI statistics

 

Glossary of FDI terms

Data collection calendar

Aggregate FDI statistics are updated quarterly, four months after the end of the reference quarter and revisions to earlier periods.

Detailed FDI statistics by partner country and by industry are updated annually, in the second half of December of the year after the reference year and incorporate revisions to earlier periods.

 

 
Documents and links

Divestments by MNEs: What do we know about why they happen?,” 2021

 

Drivers of divestment decisions in multinational enterprises, 2020

 

The determinants of Foreign Direct Investment - Do statutory restrictions matter?, 2019

 

The digital economy, multinational enterprises and international investment policy, 2018

 

Towards an international framework for investment facilitation, 2018

 

Examen des statistiques d'investissements directs internationaux au Maroc, 2018

 

Please find here (link to excel tables) the latest official FDI statistics for Q1 2022 as published by official national sources by the end of June 2022. Data for Q2 2022 will be published separately by national authorities by the end of September 2022, and released at the end of October 2022 in the OECD FDI database.

 

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