Best Practice Roundtables on Competition Policy


The OECD Competition Committee promotes re‌gular exchanges of views and analysis on competition policy issues. All related materials from these discussions, including submissions from countries, invited experts and presentations are made available below.   


Latest topics

June 2024

Competition and Regulation in Professions and Occupations

Monopolisation, Moat building and Entrenchment Strategies

Artificial Intelligence, Data and Competition

Pro-competitive Industrial Policy

The Intersection between Competition and Data Privacy


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Competition and Professional Sports

The Optimal Design, Organisation and Powers of Competition Authorities

Serial Acquisitions and Industry Roll-ups

Competition and Innovation - Enforcement

Out-of-Market Efficiencies in Competition Enforcement

From Globalisation to Regionalisation

Alternatives to Leniency Programmes

Use of Economic Evidence in Cartel Cases

Ex-post assessment of merger remedies

Assessing and Communicating the Benefits of Competition Interventions

The Future of Effective Leniency Programmes: Advancing Detection and Deterrence of Cartels

Competition and Innovation - Theoretical perspective

Algorithmic Competition

Advantages and Disadvantages of Competition Welfare Standards

Competition in the Circular Economy

Theories of Harm for Digital Mergers 



Competition in Energy Markets

Data Screening Tools for Competition Investigations

The Relationship between FDI Screening and Merger Control Reviews

Director Disqualification and Bidder Exclusion in Competition Enforcement

Competition and Inflation

The Goals of Competition Policy

Subsidies, Competition and Trade

Remedies and Commitments in Abuse Cases

Interactions between competition authorities and sector regulators 

Competition and Regulation in the Provision of Local Transportation Services

Interim Measures in Antitrust Investigations

Thinking out of the Competition Box: Enforcement Co-operation in Other Policy Areas

Purchasing Power and Buyers' Cartels

Market Power in the Digital Economy and Competition Policy

Disentangling Consummated Mergers – Experiences and Challenges

Integrating Consumer Behaviour Insights in Competition Enforcement 



Competition issues in books and e-books

Environmental considerations in competition enforcement

Ex Ante regulation and competition in digital markets

Competition issues in news media and digital platforms

Trade, development and competition

Economic analysis and evidence in abuse cases

The promotion of competitive neutrality by competition authorities

Competition enforcement and regulatory alternatives

Competition compliance programmes

Data portability, interoperability and competition

The concept of potential competition

Methodologies to measure market competition




Competition in digital advertising markets

Sustainability and Competition

Competition Economics of Digital Ecosystems

The Role of Competition Policy in Promoting Economic Recovery

Competition policy: Time for a reset?

Abuse of dominance in digital markets

Economic analysis in merger investigations

Using market studies to tackle emerging competition issues

Line of business restrictions as a solution to competition concerns

Criminalisation of cartels and bid rigging conspiracies

Conglomerate effects of mergers

Consumer data rights and competition

Start-ups, killer acquisitions and merger control



Independent sector regulators and competition

Access to the case file and protection of confidential information

Barriers to exit in competition

Hub-and-spoke arrangements in competition

Competition under fire

Competition provisions in trade agreements 

Merger control in dynamic markets 

Competition for-the-market

Publicly funded education markets

The standard of review by courts in competition cases

Licensing of IP rights and competition law

Competition issues in labour markets

Digital disruption in financial markets

Vertical mergers in the technology, media and telecom sector



Designing publicly funded healthcare markets

Treatment of legally privileged information in competition proceedings

Gun jumping and suspensory effects of merger notifications 

Excessive pricing in pharmaceuticals

Personalised pricing in the digital era

Quality considerations in the zero-price economy

How can competition contribute to fairer societies?

Gender and competition

Benefits and challenges of regional competition agreements

Investigative powers in practice

Competition law and state-owned enterprises

Taxi, ride-sourcing and ride-sharing services

Challenges and co-ordination of leniency programmes

Consumer-facing remedies

Non-price effects of mergers

Implications of E-commerce for Competition Policy

Market concentration 

Blockchain and competition policy




Judicial perspectives on competition law

Are competition and democracy symbiotic?

Extraterritorial reach of competition remedies

Co-operation between Competition Agencies and Regulators in the Financial Sector: 
10 years on from the Financial Crisis

Common ownership by institutional investors and its impact on competition

Safe harbours and legal presumptions in competition law 

Radical Innovation in the Electricity Sector 

Market studies methodologies for competition authorities

Competition issues in aftermarkets 

Rethinking the use of traditional antitrust enforcement tools in multi-sided markets

Algorithms and collusion 



Competition and innovation in land transport

Geographic market definition across national borders 

Agency decision-making in merger cases: Prohibition and conditional clearances

Price discrimination

Big Data: Bringing competition policy to the digital era

Promoting competition; Protecting human rights

The role of market studies as a tool to promote competition

Independence of competition authorities - From designs to practices

Sanctions in antitrust cases

Disruptive innovations in legal services

Public interest considerations in merger control

Jurisdictional nexus in merger control regimes

Fidelity rebates

Commitment Decisions in Antitrust Cases



Competition and Across Platform Parity Agreements

Competition and disruptive innovation in financial markets

Cartels involving intermediate goods

Does competition kill or create jobs? The links and drivers between competition and employment

The impact of disruptive innovations on competition law enforcement

Serial offenders: Why do some industries seem prone to endemic collusion?

Competitive Neutrality

Changes in Institutional Design of Competition Authorities

Disruptive Innovations

Liner Shipping

Competition and the use of tenders and auctions

Oligopoly Markets

Public and Private Antitrust Enforcement in Competition



Changes in Institutional Design of Competition Authorities

Intellectual Property and Standard Settings

Competition and the use of tenders and auctions

Competition and the use of markers in leniency programmes

Enhanced Enforcement Co-operation

OECD inventory of international co-operation agreements on competition

Financing of the Roll-out of Broadband Networks

Competition in Public-Private Partnerships

Generic pharmaceuticals and competition

Airline Competition

Competition Issues in the Distribution of Pharmaceuticals

Fighting Corruption and Promoting Competition

Competition in Financial Consumer Protection

Investigations of Consummated and Non-notifiable Mergers

Evaluation of Competitive Impacts of Government Interventions



Competition issues in Waste Management

Competition and macroeconomic outcomes factsheet 

Ex officio cartel Investigation and the Use of Screens to Detect Cartels 

Competition issues in the Food Chain Industry

Remedies in Cross-border Merger Cases 

Definition of Transaction for the Purpose of Merger Control Review

Recent Developments in Rail Transportation Services

Competition in Road Fuel

Role and Measurement of Quality in Competition Analysis

Competition Issues in Television and Broadcasting

Competition and Poverty Reduction

Vertical Restraints for On-line Sales

Methods for Allocating Contracts for the Provision of Regional and Local Transportation Services



Competition and Behavioural Economics

Competition and Payment Systems

Leniency for Subsequent Applicants

The Role of Efficiency Claims in Antitrust Proceedings

The Digital Economy

Competition and Commodity Price Volatility

Market Definition

Unilateral Disclosure of Information with Anticompetitive Effects

Improving International Co-operation in Cartel Investigations

Competition in Hospital Services



Quantification of Harm to Competition by National Courts and Competition Agencies

Impact Evaluation of Merger Decisions

Promoting Compliance with Competition Law

Procedural Fairness: Competition Authorities, Courts
and Recent Developments

Economic Evidence in Merger Analysis

Remedies in Merger Cases

Cross-Border Merger Control: Challenges for Developing and Emerging Economies

Excessive Prices

Competition in Ports and Port Services

The Regulated Conduct Defence 

Crisis Cartels 



Horizontal Agreements in the Environmental Context

Information Exchanges between Competitors under Competition Law

Pro-active Policies for Green Growth and the Market Economy

Arbitration and Competition

Emission Permits and Competition

Standard Setting

Competition and Credit Rating Agencies

Exit Strategies 

Competition and Sports

Procedural Fairness: Issues in Civil and Administrative Enforcement Proceedings 

Competition and Corporate Governance

Electricity: Renewables and Smart Grids 

Competition, Concentration and Stability in the Banking Sector 

Competition, State Aids and Subsidies

Collusion and Corruption in Public Procurement 



State-Owned Enterprises and the Principle of Competitive Neutrality 

Generic Pharmaceuticals 

Margin Squeeze 

The Failing Firm Defence

Standard for Merger Review

Competition, Patents and Innovation II

Competition Policy, Industrial Policy and National Champions

Competition Policy and the Informal Economy

Two-Sided Markets

Competition and Regulation in Auditing and Related Professions 

Competition and Financial Markets 



Monopsony and Buyer Power 

Experience with Direct Settlements in Cartel Cases 

Resale Price Maintenance 

Competition Policy for Vertical Relations in Gasoline Retailing 

Presenting Complex Economic Theories to Judges 

Fidelity and Bundled Rebates and Discounts 

Minority Shareholdings and Interlocking Directorates 

Construction Industry 

Land Use Restrictions as Barriers to Entry 

Market Studies 

The Interface between Competition and Consumer Policies 



Refusals to Deal

Managing Complex Mergers

Trade Associations

Taxi Services Regulation and Competition

Facilitating Practices in Oligopolies 

Guidance to Business on Monopolisation and Abuse of Dominance 

Dynamic Efficiencies in Merger Analysis 

Competitive Restrictions in Legal Professions 

Energy Security and Competition Policy 

Public Procurement - The Role of Competition Authorities in Promoting Competition 

Vertical Mergers

Improving Competition in Real Estate Transactions



Evidentiary Issues in Proving Dominance

Plea Bargaining/Settlement of Cartel Cases

Competition, Patents and Innovation 

Private Remedies 

Competition and Regulation in Retail Banking 

Competition and Efficient Usage of Payment Cards 

Competition in Bidding Markets 

Remedies and Sanctions in Abuse of Dominance Cases 


Environmental Regulation and Competition 

Access to Key Transport Facilities 

Prosecuting Cartels without Direct Evidence of Agreement



Competition in the Provision of Hospital Services

The Impact of Substitute Services on Regulation

Barriers to Entry 

Resale Below Cost Laws and Regulations 

Structural Reform in the Rail Industry 

Evaluation of the Actions and Resources of Competition Authorities

Competition on the Merits



Competition and Regulation in Agriculture: Monopsony Buying and Joint Selling 

Predatory Foreclosure

Enhancing Beneficial Competititon in the Health Professions 

Intellectual Property Rights 

Regulating Market Activities by Public Sector 

Competition and Regulation in the Water Sector 



Cartels: Sanctions Against Individuals 

Merger Remedies 

Universal Service Obligations 

Media Mergers 



Competition Issues in the Electricity Sector 

Substantive Criteria Used for the Assessment of Mergers 

Communication by Competition Authorities 

Loyalty and Fidelity Discounts and Rebates 

Merger Review in Emerging High Innovation Markets 



Competition and Regulation Issues in Telecommunications 

Portfolio Effects in Conglomerate Mergers 

Competition Policy in Subsidies and State Aid 

Price Transparency 



Competition Issues in Road Transport 

Competition in the Pharmaceutical Industry 

Competition Issues in Electronic Commerce 

Competition Issues in Joint Ventures 

Promoting Competition in the Natural Gas Industry 

Mergers in Financial Services 



Competition in Local Services: Solid Waste Management 

Competition in Professional Services 

Airline Mergers and Alliances 


Promoting Competition in Postal Services 



Buying Power of Multiproduct Retailers 

Relations between Regulators and Competition Authorities 

Competition Policy and Procurement Markets 

Competition and Regulation in Broadcasting in the Light of Convergence 

Competition and Related Regulation Issues in the Insurance Industry 

Enhancing the Role of Competition in the Regulation of Banks 



Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Rights 

Competition Policy and International Airport Services 

Railways: Structure, Regulation and Competition Policy 

Resale Price Maintenance 



Judicial Enforcement of Competition Law 

Application of Competition Policy to the Electricity Sector 

Competition Issues related to Sports 

General Cartel Bans: Criteria for Exemption for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises 

Application of Competition Policy to High Tech Markets 

Abuse of Dominance and Monopolisation 

The Essential Facilities Concept 



The Reform of International Satellite Organisations 

Competition in Telecommunications 

Developments in Telecommunications: An Update (1997)

Developments in Telecommunications: Australia 

Developments in Telecommunications: Italy 

Developments in Telecommunications: Poland 

Efficiency Claims in Mergers and Other Horizontal Agreements 

Competition Policy and Film Distribution 

Failing Firm Defence 

Competition Policy and Environment

In Focus


Out-of-market efficiencies in competition enforcement

The optimal design, organisation and powers of competition authorities

Serial Acquisitions and Industry Roll-ups

Ex-post assessment of merger remedies

The role of innovation in competition enforcement

Competition and professional sports


Competition in the Circular Economy

Communication by Competition Authorities: Objectives and Tools

Algorithmic Competition

The Future of Effectice Leniency Programmes

Competition and Innovation: A Theoretical Perspective

Consumer Welfare Standard: Advantages and disadvantages

Theories of Harm for Digital Mergers


Competition in Energy Markets

Director Disqualification and Bidder Exclusion
in Competition Enforcement

Remedies and Commitments in Abuse Cases

Subsidies, Competition and Trade

The relationship between FDI screening and merger control reviews 

Competition and inflation


Interactions between competition authorities and sector regulators 

Data screening tools for competition investigations




Competition and Regulation in the Provision of Local Transportation Services

interim-measures-in-antitrust-investigations cover

Interim Measures in Antitrust Investigations


Thinking out of the Competition Box: Enforcement Co-operation in Other Policy Areas


Purchasing Power and Buyers Cartels


The Evolving Concept of Market Power in the Digital Economy


Disentangling Consummated Mergers – Experiences and Challenges


Integrating Consumer Behaviour Insights in Competition Enforcement


OECD handbook on competition policy in the digital age (cover)

OECD Handbook on Competition Policy in the Digital Age


OECD Competition Trends 2022 Cover

OECD Competition Trends 2022





Best practice roundtables

Global Forum on Competition
Latin American & Caribbean Competition Forum
Reports by competition agencies
Reports by the Competition Committee


About global relations
Hungary centre for competition
Korea centre for competition
Peru centre for competition


COVID-19: Competition policy responses
OECD Handbook on Competition Policy in the Digital Era
OECD Competition Trends

OECD Recommendations on competition
Best practices on information exchange
Competition assessment toolkit
Factsheet on competition and macroeconomic outcomes
Guidelines for fighting bid rigging
Guide for helping authorities assess the impact of their activities
Guiding principles for regulatory quality and performance
Inventory of MOUs between competition agencies
Inventory of international co-operation agreements on competition
International Cartels Database

Reference guide on ex-post evaluation of enforcement decisions

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