People's Republic of China

OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform - China: Defining the Boundary between the Market and the State


Table of contents | How to obtain this publication

Bookmark this page:



ISBN Number:

Published 7 May 2009

Pages: 270

Number of tables: 18

Number of graphs: 14


China’s advance to a market economy is among the greatest economic success stories of modern times. China has made enormous progress in developing the modern legal and regulatory foundation for the market economy. The private sector is now the main driver of growth, and new laws have gone a long way toward establishing private property rights, competition, and mechanisms for entry and exit comparable to those of many OECD countries. At the same time important challenges remain, including further clarification of the scope of state ownership, reform of relations among central and local governments, firmer establishment of the rule of law, and strengthening of regulatory institutions and processes.

China's transition has recently been reviewed under the OECD Regulatory Reform Programme. The review focuses on the overall economic context for regulatory reform, the government’s capacity to manage regulatory reform, competition policy and enforcement, and market openness. The review also examines the regulatory framework in the electricity and water sectors. As for OECD countries, the review follows a multidisciplinary and highly interactive approach. A number of OECD instruments and policies are used in this assessment, although the review also takes into account the specific challenges faced by the Chinese authorities.

The review contains a comprehensive set of policy recommendations, which should support China in its efforts to implement regulatory reforms in order to boost economic growth, job creation, innovation and investment.


 Table of contents


Part 1.  The Macroeconomic Context


    Chapter 1.  

 Economic Reforms

Part 2. Thematic Issues


   Chapter 2. 

 Regulatory Governance

   Chapter 3. 

 The Challenges of Transition for Competition Law and Policy

   Chapter 4. 

 Enhancing Market Openness through Regulatory Reform 

Part 3.  Regulatory Frameworks for Public Services


   Chapter 5. 

 Infrastructure Services

   Chapter 6. 

 Power Sector Reform

   Chapter 7. 


  • Documentation available in Chinese and in English on Regulatory Reform

How to obtain this publication


Related Documents