Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
OECD Territorial Reviews: Gotland, Sweden
Gotland is Sweden’s largest island and the largest island in the Baltic Sea. While
Sweden has numerous Islands, Gotland’s development trajectory is unique in Sweden.
It is the smallest region in the country in population size and economic base, and
it is located the furthest from the mainland (90 km). As an island economy, it must
overcome a number of development challenges including its small critical mass, remoteness
to larger markets, vulnerability to climate change and limited administrative capacity.
Nonetheless, it has a number of important assets, such as being an attractive destination,
having a high potential for bio- and circular economy, a university providing research
and education, very good broadband connectivity, and a strong local identity and vibrant
civil society. This Territorial Review benchmark’s Gotland’s economic performance
against comparable OECD regions to identify areas of untapped potential and develops
recommendations in three main areas to help improve the quality of life for residents
and support more efficient use of public resources. The first focuses on improving
infrastructure planning, investments and delivery. The second on supporting the business
environment and innovation eco-system and the third, on improving administrative and
financing capacity to deliver quality services throughout the territory.