Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
Leapfrogging and plunging in regional entrepreneurship performance in the United States,
with European comparisons
This paper analyses persistence and change in the regional league table of entrepreneurship
performance in the United States in comparison with England and Wales and West Germany.
It examines whether regional rankings in start-up and self-employment rates in the
United States are as sticky over time as in these European countries over approximately
century, half-century and 30-year periods, or whether the United States is different.
It identifies the types of regions that improve markedly (“leapfroggers”) or decline
sharply (“plungers”) in their league table positions and the reasons for these changes
and compares the countries on these issues. The paper draws out policy implications
on regional levelling-up of entrepreneurship activity. It also sets out an agenda
for further research.