En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.
Brazil’s agenda to enhance integrity and prevent corruption is particularly critical in order to address a number of challenges facing the country’s public administration. The challenges include managing risks associated with innovation in public service delivery, achieving value for money and minimising waste in government operations and meeting the expectations of citizens regarding the conduct of public organisations.
This report is the first integrity review of a G20 country undertaken by the OECD. It assesses the implementation and coherence of instruments, processes and structures to create a culture of integrity and to manage risks affecting the operations and performance of public organisations.
The report analyses four main areas of focus : (i) promoting transparency and citizen engagement; (ii) implementing risk-based systems of internal control; (iii) embedding high standards of conduct; and (iv) enhancing integrity in public procurement.
It is complemented by three case studies to highlight issues of integrity management at the level of individual public functions, organisations and programmes: the federal tax administration, the Family Grant (a conditional cash transfer) Programme; and the National STD/AIDS Programme.
The OECD Secretariat has extended its database on regulatory management indicators to the following countries: Brazil, Chile, Estonia, Israel, Russia, Slovenia, South Africa. The results can be downloaded in the form of individual country notes.
Country Notes from the publication 'Revenue Statistics in Latin America 1990 - 2010'.
English, PDF, 1,165kb
Brazil boasts one of the largest increases in expenditure on education between 2000 and 2009 among the countries for which data was available.
The OECD held a week-long series meetings with the Brazil’s Supreme Audit Institution (Tribunal de Contas da União or TCU) to present the preliminary main findings and policy recommendations of its peer review of the TCU audit of the year-end government report (Prestação de Contas da Presidenta de República).
Despite important achievements, sustainable development is still a challenge, not a reality. In moving forward, we need to ensure that our policies have a stronger focus on sustainability and inclusion, in particular in developing countries, even more than elsewhere, said OECD Secretary-General at Rio+20.
The 2012 Ministerial Council Meeting marks the fifth anniversary of the launching of Enhanced Engagement, aimed at advancing the OECD's relationship with five Key Partners, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa. At the 2011 meeting of the OECD Council at Ministerial level (MCM), Members agreed on a Vision Statement which highlighted the priority to be given to developing new forms of partnership and collaboration with each
The objective of senior budget official country reviews is to provide a comprehensive overview of the budget process in the country under examination, to evaluate national experiences in the light of international best practice and to provide specific policy recommendations.