Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Austria 2014
The International Energy Agency's 2014 review of Austria’s energy policy analyses
the energy policy challenges facing Austria and provides sectoral studies and recommendations
for further policy improvements. It finds that Austria's energy policy rests on three
pillars – security of supply, energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.
The country’s decarbonisation drive has strengthened as the economy and renewable
energy use have continued to grow, while fossil fuel use has decreased. Notably, Austria
has more than tripled the public funding for energy research, development and demonstration
Greenhouse gas emissions from energy use, which peaked in 2005, still need to be reduced
further, and the transport sector offers prime opportunities for this. In the context
of EU negotiations on an energy and climate policy framework to 2030, Austria should
develop a strategy that also integrates security of supply and internal market dimensions.
Closer cross-border integration of both electricity and natural gas markets and systems
is required to build a single European market. This calls for increased co-ordination
and co-operation with neighbouring countries. Austria should also encourage investment
in networks, optimise demand response and integrate variable renewable energy supply
in a cost-effective and market-based manner.
A well-functioning internal market can help reduce the growing concerns over energy
prices and costs, both for industry and for citizens. Austria could address these
concerns also by implementing more energy efficiency measures and facilitating greater
retail market competition.
Published on April 09, 2014
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