PISA 2022
Decline in educational performance only partly attributable to COVID

Cost of support measures for fossil fuels almost doubled in 2022

A mild slowdown in 2024

Fuel taxes less resilient than emission permit prices amid high inflation

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Fossil fuels

Fiscal cost of support measures for fossil fuels almost doubled in 2022

The fiscal cost of support measures for the production and consumption of fossil fuels increased sharply in 2022, as countries struggled to cushion the impact on households and firms of surging energy prices. New OECD and IEA data show that the fiscal and opportunity costs of global support for fossil fuels almost doubled to more than USD 1.4 trillion in 2022, up from USD 769 billion in 2021. The new analysis also shows a revival of support for coal, which reached USD 36.1 billion in 2022. While still small in absolute terms, the fiscal cost of global support for coal has increased by 60% since 2013.

Economies will need to undertake more ambitious climate action, phase out inefficient fossil fuel support and re-direct public funding toward the development of low-carbon alternatives, alongside improvements in energy security and energy efficiency.

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