Latest OECD reports on water

 

 

2017 Water Charges in Brazil: The Ways Forward 

This report examines the current system of water abstraction and pollution charges in operation in Brazil. It assesses the current system’s implementation challenges and provides possible solutions. The report explores how water charges can be both an effective means for dealing with water security issues, and a tool for enhancing economic growth and social welfare.

 

 

 

Water Charges in Brazil

 

Greening the Blue Economy in Pomorskie, Poland

As coastal area on the Baltic Sea in north-central Poland, Pomorskie faces unique challenges and opportunities associated with the transition to a green economy, a diversified economy, growing population and significant natural resources. This report focuses on the sustainable development of the oceans and coastlines surrounding the region, known as the blue economy.

 

 

Greening the Blue Economy in Pomorskie, Poland

  Improving Domestic Financial Support Mechanisms in Moldova's Water and Sanitation Sector

The water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector in Moldova is not financially sustainable. This report analyses several options for streamlining and strengthening domestic financial support mechanisms (DFSMs) in terms of both supply and demand, discusses different scenarios and recommends a number of actions to ensure effective DFSM implementation.

 

Improving Domestic Financial Support Mechanisms in Moldovas Water and Sanitation Sector

  Groundwater Allocation: Managing Growing Pressures on Quantity and Quality

Groundwater allocation determines who is able to use groundwater resources, how, when and where. It directly affects the value (economic, ecological, socio-cultural) that individuals and society obtain from groundwater, today and in the future. This report focusses on how allocation regimes for groundwater or conjunctively managed surface and groundwater systems can be designed to bring about the desired policy outcomes, in terms of economic efficiency, environmental effectiveness and social equity.

 

Groundwater Allocation

 

Reforming Sanitation in Armenia: Towards a National Strategy

This report assesses the state of Armenia’s sanitation services, which are in poor shape, and proposes ways forward for reforming the sector. The state of Armenia’s sanitation services are inadequate, with 51% of the population in rural areas using unimproved facilities, causing direct damage to the environment and exposing inhabitants to health risks, and better access but degraded sewerage-system infrastructure in urban areas, posing health hazards due to potential cross-contamination between sewage and drinking water.

 

  Reforming Sanitation in Armenia
 

Water Risk Hotspots for Agriculture

Agriculture is expected to face increasing water risks that will impact production, markets, trade and food security - risks that can be mitigated with targeted policy actions on water hotspots. This report develops the hotspot approach, provides an application at the global scale, and presents a mitigation policy action plan. The People’s Republic of China, India and the United States are identified as countries facing the greatest water risks for agriculture production globally.

 

  Water Risk Hotspots for Agriculture
 

Enhancing Water Use Efficiency in Korea: Policy Issues and Recommendations

The report, building on a policy dialogue with a range of stakeholders in Korea, analyses how economic policy instruments under the responsibility of the Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport can be adjusted to contribute to water policy objectives. It also investigates how Smart Water Management Korea, an initiative by K-water that combines information and communication technology with water technology, can be harnessed to better contribute to water management in the country.

 

 

Enhancing Water Use Efficiency in Korea

 

Diffuse Pollution, Degraded Waters - Emerging Policy Solutions

After decades of regulation and investment to reduce point source water pollution, OECD countries still face water quality challenges (e.g. eutrophication) from diffuse agricultural and urban sources of pollution, that is disperse pollution from surface runoff, soil filtration and atmospheric deposition. This report outlines the water quality challenges facing OECD countries today, presents a range of policy instruments and innovative case studies of diffuse pollution control, and concludes with an integrated policy framework to tackle diffuse water pollution.

  Diffuse Pollution, Degraded Waters

 

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