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This study aims to assess the degree of institutional fragmentation of transport and land use planning in Chicago. It provides an overview of local governments in metropolitan Chicago and mechanisms for coordination. Five main challenges are identified.
This paper studies the association between US long term interest rates and cycles of capital flows to emerging market economies (EMEs). It finds that, indeed, cycles in capital flows to EMEs are linked to global conditions, including global risk aversion and long term interest rates in the United States.
Life is quite good in the United States compared to other OECD countries, thanks to strong economic
growth and technological progress having lifted average income to high levels. Nonetheless, there is
evidence that the benefits from growth have not been sufficiently broad based.
Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.
Despite relative affluence, workplace stress is a prominent feature of the US labour market. To the
extent that job stress causes poor health outcomes – either directly through increased blood ressure,
fatigue, muscle pain, etc. or indirectly through increased rates of cigarette smoking – policy to lessen job stress may be appropriate.
English, PDF, 1,050kb
Whether migration can be an equilibrating force in the labour market is an important criterion for an optimal currency area. The migration reaction to high labour market disparities is of interest particularly within the Eurozone, which lacks an exchange-rate mechanism. This paper compares pre- and post-crisis migration movements at the regional level in both Europe and the United States.
Income inequality and relative poverty in the United States are among the highest in the OECD and have substantially increased over the past decades. These developments have been associated with a number of other worrying statistics, including low intergenerational social mobility and weak real income growth for many households.
Although job creation has improved, since the end of the 2007-08 recession, the effects of the recession on the labour market remain severe.
The US innovation system has many strengths, including world class research universities and firms that thrive in innovation-intensive sectors.
The signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) was a source of debate in United States politics, particularly regarding possible labour market effects. This paper gives an overview and assessment of the debate and US employment policy responses.