Export restrictions on raw materials are applied to achieve a number of policy objectives. However, they can have a significant and negative impact on the efficient allocation of resources, international trade, and the competitiveness and development of industries in both exporting and importing countries.
By diverting exports to domestic markets, export restrictions raise prices for foreign consumers and importers. At the same time, by reducing domestic prices in the applying countries and increasing global uncertainty concerning future prices, export restrictions negatively affect investment, thus potentially reducing the overall supply of raw materials in the long term. In view of existing alternative policy tools that have a different impact on trade, the effectiveness of export restrictions to achieve stated policy objectives should be carefully reviewed.
This publication presents a selection of papers discussed at the OECD Workshop on Raw Materials, held in Paris in October 2009. This workshop was organised in response to the growing concern on the use of export restrictions on raw materials, particularly by emerging economies.
London 2012 is set to be one the most ambitious Olympic Games ever to have taken place. This publication highlights how London has set itself a unique challenge: to deliver a successful Olympic Games and to regenerate its most socio-economically challenged area of the city.
This publication examines how governments can boost innovation by improving environments for enterprise creation and innovation in SMEs and strengthening the capabilities of entrepreneurs and SMEs.
This report examines the relationship between SMEs' management of intellectual assets, innovation and competitiveness.
This book sheds light on the use of tax expenditures, mainly through a study of ten OECD countries: Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. It highlights key trends and successful practices.
Country case studies of China, Japan, Netherlands, South Africa and the United States in measures that may hamper trade in steel scrap, recovered paper and plastic scrap, and if and how they could be removed without compromising environmental protection.
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A study of water pricing in the United States of America, a background report to the book Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Agriculture (OECD, 2010).
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This note is taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2010.
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The Self-evaluation report for the Southern Arizona (US) region was prepared with the support of the Lumina Foundation for Education, as an input to the OECD Review of Higher Education in Regional and City Development.
This country note, extracted from the STI Scoreboard 2009, explores recent developments in matters relating to innovation, science, technology and globalisation in the United States.