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The United States spends more on healthcare than any other OECD country, both as a proportion of GDP (16.9%) and per person (USD 10 586). High levels of spending have not translated into people leading longer lives. Life expectancy at birth is two years below the OECD average, and actually declined by over two months between 2012 and 2017.
Governments should treat the opioid epidemic as a public health crisis and improve treatment, care and support for people misusing opioids. Overdose deaths continue to rise, fuelled by an increase in prescription and over-prescription of opioids for pain management and the illicit drugs trade, according to a new OECD report.
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Resistance proportions for eight antibiotic-bacterium pairs in the United States have increased in recent years, from 20% in 2005 to 23% in 2015, and could go up to 25% by 2030, should current trends in antibiotic consumption, population and economic growth continue into the future. Resistance proportions in the United States were higher than the OECD average in 2015 (17%).
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New medical graduates then pursue their clinical specialty training (internship/residency), with the length of the training varying depending on the specialty. Overall, to become a doctor in the US, on average, a student can expect 10 to 16 years of higher education and post-graduate training.
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There are two broad categories of nurses in the United States: licensed practical nurses (LPNs) or licensed vocational nurses (LVNs, and registered nurses (RNs). In addition, graduates from RN programs can pursue further education at the master’s (or doctorate) level to become Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (APRNs).
Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2015, July 2015 version. The notes are available in PDF format.
The USA has exceptional levels of health-care expenditure, but growth slowed dramatically in recent years, amidst major efforts to close the coverage gap with other OECD countries.
Gains made towards slowing health expenditure growth in the United States in recent years could be negated by price increases associated with the continuing economic recovery unless more efforts are made to contain spending, says a new OECD paper published in The Lancet.
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Life expectancy has increased in the United States over the past decades, but less rapidly than in other OECD countries. This is due to gaps in health insurance coverage and proper primary care, poorer health-related behaviours and poor living conditions for a significant proportion of the U.S. population, according to a new OECD report.
The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.