Despite progress in recent years, there is growing evidence that OECD countries are not on track to reach some of their key environmental goals. Achieving these goals is often difficult because of insufficient compliance with regulatory requirements.
So far, environmental compliance and enforcement has attracted relatively little attention from national environmental authorities in OECD countries, compared with efforts to optimise the design of environmental policies and instruments. This has often led to inadequate consideration of likelihood of compliance and of the enforcement capacities required to meet environmental policy objectives.
This study is a first attempt to examine in a systematic way a range of environmental compliance assurance systems. It engaged environmental authorities in six OECD countries – Finland, France, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States – and two major emerging economies – China and Russia – in a comparative analysis of their compliance and enforcement instruments, the ways in which they are applied, and the results achieved.
The report is intended to provide policy makers, environmental regulators, and other stakeholders with:
Chapter 1. Compliance Assurance as Part of the Regulatory Framework
Chapter 2. Management Aspects of Compliance Assurance
Chapter 3. Compliance Promotion
Chapter 4. Compliance Monitoring and Assessment
Chapter 5. Non-compliance Response
Chapter 6. Conclusions
Chapter 7. Finland
Chapter 8. France
Chapter 9. Japan
Chapter 10. Netherlands
Chapter 11. United Kingdom
Chapter 12. United States
Chapter 13. China
Chapter 14. Russian Federation
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