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Below upper secondary attainment levels have decreased while upper secondary attainment and graduation rates have remained stable.
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The OECD Employment Outlook 2014 finds that while the impact of the global crisis was initially severe for Turkey, it was shorter than in the rest of the OECD area and there was a much sharper rebound. The unemployment rate was 9.1% in the first quarter of 2014 in Turkey, still above the OECD average (7.3%), but lower than in the pre-crisis period (9.4% in Q4 2007).
Business dynamism has underpinned inclusive growth in the 2000s. Strong growth without widening external imbalances calls for structural reform in the business sector to boost productivity and allow firms to better compete in export markets and at home.
Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2014, June 2014 version. The notes are available in PDF format.
The average worker in Turkey faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 38.6% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Turkey was ranked 16 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.
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This note presents key findings for Turkey from Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social indicators. This 2014 publication also provides a special chapter on: the crisis and its aftermath: a “stress test” for societies and for social policies.
Turkey has demonstrated good resilience during the financial and economic crisis though growth has been slowing more recently. Policy challenges include addressing infrastructure shortfalls, improving access to quality education, and achieving a better balance in social protection in order to foster job creation and employment in the formal sector.
Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables
The OECD Review of Regulatory Reform in Turkey presents an overall picture, set within a macro-economic context, of regulatory achievements and challenges including regulatory quality, competition policy, and market openness.
The objective of senior budget official country reviews is to provide a comprehensive overview of the budget process in the country under examination, to evaluate national experiences in the light of international best practice and to provide specific policy recommendations.