In 2016, preliminary data show that ODA reached USD 6.2 billion (0.79% of GNI). In 2015, Turkey’s net ODA amounted to USD 3.9 billion, representing an increase of 26% in real terms over 2014.
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Unemployment in Turkey has been on an upward trajectory since 2012 and it has now peaked at nearly 11.7% (February 2017). This is in sharp contrast with the OECD average, which has been falling steadily and has now reached 5.9%.
This page contains all information relating to implementation of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in Turkey.
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Turkey had the 18th highest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2016. The country occupied the same position in 2015. The average single worker in Turkey faced a tax wedge of 38.1% in 2016 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.
These country specific notes provide figures and commentary from the Taxation and Skills publication that examines how tax policy can encourage skills development in OECD countries.
OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría has condemned the terrorist attack that took place in Istanbul during the New Year celebrations, transmitting his support to President Erdoğan and the people of Turkey.
This country note presents student performance in science, reading and mathematics, and measures equity in education in Turkey. The interactive charts allow you to compare results with other countries participating in the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).
This publication provides detailed country notes on Value Added Tax/Goods and Services Tax (VAT/GST) and excise duty rates in OECD member countries.
This annual publication presents detailed country notes and internationally comparable tax data for all OECD countries from 1965 onwards.
Since the last International Energy Agency (IEA) review of Turkey’s energy policies, the country’s reliance on natural gas use has grown along with rising oil and gas imports, leaving the Turkish economy increasingly exposed to the volatility in oil and gas prices. Turkey aims to promote sustainable economic growth - the IEA urges the government to set a longer term energy policy agenda for 2030. However, owing to declining global liquefied natural gas prices, Turkey now has an opportunity to reduce its single supplier dependence, build a competitive gas market, and move ahead with its plans to create a regional gas hub.
Turkey’s power sector reforms have attracted private investment and fostered economic growth and energy access. Integration into a regional gas and electricity trade framework is moving along as a result of the first interconnection of Turkey with the European electricity grid and the construction of the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline that will deliver gas from the Caspian to Turkey and the European Union.
In that context, the IEA urges Turkey to complete the liberalisation of its electricity and gas markets in order to attract critically needed investment. The review also notes that Turkey should set up independent transmission system operators, competitive wholesale markets, and foster resilient and modern gas and electricity infrastructure.
This review analyses the energy policy challenges facing Turkey and provides recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure, sustainable and affordable energy future.