In the event of a surge in the world price of wheat or rice, policies such as additional border measures, consumer subsidies or a release of public stocks would have high costs for taxpayers and negative consequences for international markets, finds this study of ten emerging economies.
Commodity prices surged in 2006-08 in Argentina, Brazil, China, Chile, India, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa, Ukraine and Vietnam. Government policy responses to these price surges were not always successful in minimising the impact on consumers and producers, this report finds.
The chemicals sector has a long history of innovation and is a large trading item. This paper analyses and compares different trade and innovation linkages in basic industrial chemicals, specialty and fine chemicals and consumer chemicals.
Momentum for intellectual property (IP) reform in China is related to economic potential there, involving privatization policies, trade and FDI policies, and the government's role in innovation strategy. This study looks at IP issues facing firms operating in China.
Reforms in policy on intellectual property rights (IPRs) such as copyrights, trademarks and patent protection deliver positive economic results for developing countries, according to this OECD study.
Private financial sector investment in agriculture has increased, mainly because of current prospects for income generation, capital appreciation, and uncorrelated returns with equity markets and as a hedge against inflation. This paper surveys this investment activity and its impacts.
To what extent do governments use international standards in their technical regulations? This paper looks at the electrical household appliance, natural gas equipment and telephony sectors in Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico, United States and the European Union.
Export restrictions on raw materials, including commodities like metals and minerals, are not always effective in meeting policy objectives and should be subject to greater transparency, says this OECD study of recent trends in these measures.
Aid for Trade has the potential to boost economic growth in developing countries. However, while most trade reforms have been successful, some proved unsustainable and others had little impact on growth. This paper shows the reasons why and the lessons learned.
Cost-benefit analysis can help identify least-cost solutions of non-tariff measures (NTMs) designed to ensure that imported products meet domestic requirements, says this report featuring three case studies from the agri-food sector.