Working Papers


  • 8-August-2011

    English

    Trade-Related Measures Based on Processes and Production Methods in the Context of Climate-Change Mitigation

    How is international trade affected by climate change mitigation measures relating to non-product-related processes and production methods (PPMs)? This study looks at PPM measures adopted in the United States, the European Union, Canada and other countries.

    Related Documents
  • 5-July-2011

    English

    Estimating the Constraints to Trade of Developing Countries

    Tariffs, government policies and availability of credit and electricity are among the factors that restrict the trade expansion of developing countries. This report identifies and quantifies these constraints, and includes case studies of Azerbaijan and Uganda.

    Related Documents
  • 28-June-2011

    English

    Trade in Information and Communications Technology and its Contribution to Trade and Innovation

    Trade liberalisation in the information and communications technology (ICT) sector, a major contributor to innovation and productivity growth, can help foster competition and reduce prices for consumers, according to this study.

    Related Documents
  • 27-June-2011

    English

    Intra-Firm Trade: Patterns, Determinants and Policy Implications

    Offshoring by OECD-based multinationals is mainly carried out in other OECD economies and often in high-cost countries, for high-value, knowledge-intensive activities. Developing economies must try to attract these types of activities and not be confined to low-value activities.

    Related Documents
  • 1-June-2011

    English

    Changing Patterns of Trade in Processed Agricultural Products

    Trade in processed agricultural products, such as chocolates, steaks or wines, has increased between emerging economies, as have exports from emerging to high-income countries. However, trade in these products is still dominated by high-income countries.

    Related Documents
  • 27-May-2011

    English

    Trade in Services Related to Climate Change: An Exploratory Analysis

    The deployment of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation technologies depends on international trade in services such as business, telecommunications and construction and related engineering, typically through cross-border Internet trade and temporary movement of personnel.

    Related Documents
  • 12-May-2011

    English

    Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: Monitoring Implementation and Assessing Impacts

    How are environmental provisions incorporated in regional trade agreements (RTAs)? What are the environmental impacts of RTAs? Participants at a recent OECD workshop discussed these issues and shared ideas on co-operation activities, consultation mechanisms and dispute settlement.

    Related Documents
  • 11-May-2011

    English

    Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: Developments in 2010

    This report features recent regional trade agreements with substantive environmental content, focusing on agreements between New Zealand and Hong Kong (China); Chinese Taipei and Nicaragua; and European Union trade agreements with Korea, Montenegro and Serbia.

    Related Documents
  • 4-May-2011

    English

    Regional Trade Agreements - Treatment of Agriculture

    South-South and Latin American regional trade agreements (RTAs) have progressed most in eliminating agricultural trade tariffs. However, the dairy, meat, sugar and cereal sectors are still often protected by exemptions such as tariff rate quotas (TRQs).

    Related Documents
  • 19-April-2011

    English

    Trade and Innovation: Pharmaceuticals

    Emerging economies are increasingly important in the pharmaceutical sector as markets and as research and development (R&D) participants. Further involvement by these economies in international trade facilitating measures will help trade, innovation and globalisation of R&D.

  • << < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>